Evaluation of feedlot performance, ruminal metabolism and fatty acids profile of Nellore cattle using high oil corn on finishing diets
Beef cattle researchers, over than animal performance and economics are looking for nutritional characteristics of the products from ruminants. Inclusion of high oil corn (HOC) on diets increases weight gain and carcass quality compared to common corn grain. This study looks for data from animal performance on diets using high oil corn, evaluating live weight gain, carcass composition, diets digestibility, dry matter degradability, effects on ciliated protozoa number and quality, muscle quality characteristics, meat composition and fatty acids profile on intramuscular fat. Where used 48 Nellore steers, with initial average live weight of 435 kg in six treatments, using two corn grain varieties (common and high oil corn) and three levels of corn grain in concentrate diets (25%, 40% and 55%). Animals were in feedlot pens for 84 days, after an adaptation period to diets and installations. The Longissimus dorsi was used for evaluating meat characteristics and fatty acids profile on intramuscular fat. There was no effect of diets on daily gain, intake, conversion, or carcass parameters. Meat quality was not also affected by treatments. Diets with high oil corn altered protozoa population and ruminal degradation of NDF. The total biohidrogenated fatty acids in intramuscular fat were increased by treatment with high oil corn and also rumenic acid. Rumenic acid was the major conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) detected in this tissue, with concentrations increasing from 0,43% to 0,49%, representing an average increase of 12,7% caused for HOC diets.
Advisor:Jose Carlos Machado Nogueira Filho; Guilherme Fernando Alleoni; Wignez Henrique; Paulo Roberto Leme; Jose Carlos Machado Nogueira Filho; Saulo da Luz e Silva
School:Universidade de São Paulo
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:Animal performance Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) Fat profile Gain composition High oil corn Rumenic Ruminant nutrition
Date of Publication:12/07/2006