Evaluating the time-dependent deformations and bond characteristics of a self-consolidating concrete mix and the implication for pretensioned[sic] bridge applications
The second step was to evaluate the elastic shortening, creep, and shrinkage properties of the proposed SCC mixture for bridge girders. Four bridge girders with an inverted-T profile were used to measure these time-dependent deformations. In two of the specimens, the strands were tensioned to 75% of ultimate tensile strength (representing a girder that would be put into service). Strands of the other two specimens were left untensioned to evaluate shrinkage effect of the concrete alone. The shrinkage was then subtracted from the fully tensioned specimens and elastic shortening and creep were isolated after relaxation losses were calculated from code expressions. In addition, the fully tensioned specimens were used to determine transfer lengths of the prestressing strand.
The final step in the program was to record strain measurements in actual bridge girders used in the field. Elastic shortening, creep, and shrinkage prestress loss results of the proposed SCC mixture were compared with current design equations. Instrumentation of seven pretensioned girders in a five-span bridge located in Cowley County, Kansas, was used to measure time-dependent deformations. Three of these girders utilized SCC, while the other four were cast with conventional concrete.
School:Kansas State University
School Location:USA - Kansas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:scc transfer length development time dependent deformations bridge monitoring engineering civil 0543
Date of Publication:01/01/2006