Euro-Pop, the mechanical bride stripped bare in Stockholm, even
Abstract (Summary)The following dissertation concerns the emergence of a new 'open art' in New York, Paris and Stockholm between the years 1954 and 1966.1 look at three artists in particular; Niki de Saint-Phalle, Jean Tinguely and Per-Olof Ultvedt, whose work has variously been categorized as Neo-Dada, Assemblage Art, New Realism, Nouveau Réalisme and Pop Art. In my reconsideration of these movements, a number of 'different' interests emerge which challenge existing histories of this period. By opening up an international perspective from the margin of this cultural discourse - specifically the fraught position of a museum of modern art in Sweden - 1 show that by 1962 a nurnber of European and American artists and intellectuals had not only managed to construct a collaborative environment for intemational avant-garde art, but some had also begun to reject this institutionalization on the grounds of difference. By focusing on the dynamic curatorial strategies of Pontus Hulten at Stockholm's Moderna Museet, 1 explore the difficulties inherent in the institutionalization of Pop Art. In this process, the reintroduction of Marcel Duchamp played a crucial role in establishing a new canon of modem art in both Europe and the United States. As 1 reveal, it was in Stockholm -what many considered the periphery of the art world -where Duchamp's work was most clearly and rigorously articulated for a larger discursive realm in Paris and New York. Tracing a range of philosophical and political differencesbetween artists, critics and curators, 1 show how the activities initiated at Moderna Museet were central in rearticulating the postwar avant-garde for the centre.
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/2001