Estructura de Capital de Empresa: Teorías explicativas y estudio empírico internacional aplicado a grandes empresas
SUMMARY: This research project tries to contribute with empirical evidence in the complex debate of leverage decisions. First of all, we made a bibliometric study about Finance research between 1995 and 2006. After doing a general view of the main researched topics in finance, we focused on capital structure
Secondly we present an empirical contrast among 205 companies of the S&P 500 between 1994 and 2004. This research is a study about the influence of the financial policies (investment, dividends and capital structure) on the value creation taking into account different value metrics. The obtained results allowed to conclude that these financial decisions are relevant on the matter of value creation. Our analysis take in to account the presence and absence of the growth opportunities of the companies studied. We also conclude that the influence of the financial decisions change in function of the metric used. After having considered different models base on several value metrics, we selected the model base on the Market Value Added as best collecting the influence of the financial decisions.
Thirdly, we used a panel data analysis with a sample of 182 companies of the S&P 500 between 1997 and 2005 to compare two different financial theories on capital structure: Pecking order vs. trade-off. Our results show a better agreement with the pecking order hypothesis than the hypothesis formulated by the trade-off theory. However, some of our results cannot be explained by the pecking order theory.
Finally, we present a new approach to the financing decisions based on the new contributions provided by the corporate governance. This new approach emphasizes the crucial role of the stakeholders in the corporate governance. Grounding on this conceptual framework and the existing literature that analyzes the independent effect of some of the stakeholders over the financing decisions, we present a new approach for considering the influence of the stakeholders altogether. After analyzing a sample of 500 European top selling companies, we conclude that the financing decisions are influenced by managers, workers, competitors, client and suppliers.
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Advisor:Garcia Blandón, Josep
School:Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:iqs ade economia i finances
Date of Publication:11/30/2007