Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef cattle: prevalence in gut contents at slaughter and the effect of neomycin supplementation in feed on fecal shedding in experimentally inoculated cattle
Neomycin, an aminoglycoside, is approved as a feed additive and for use in water to cattle. The objective of the second study was to determine the efficacy of feeding neomycin on fecal shedding of E. coli O157:H7 in cattle. Cattle were randomly assigned to control (n=14) or neomycin (n=10) supplemented group and orally inoculated with nalidixic acid-resistant (NalR) E. coli O157:H7. Neomycin was fed at 10 mg/0.45 Kg body weight for 15 days. Fecal samples and rectoanal mucosal swab (RAMS) samples were collected day before (d -1), on days 1, 3, 5, 10, 13, 17, 20, 24, 27, 31, 34, 38, 41, 44, and 48, and then approximately weekly through day 111. Fecal shedding of NalR E. coli O157:H7 was quantified and prevalence in RAMS was determined. Neomycin significantly reduced prevalence and concentration of E. coli O157:H7 compared to the control. Following two weeks of neomycin feeding, concentration and prevalence were similar between the two groups. Short term neomycin feeding before slaughter may reduce the E. coli O157:H7 load in cattle.
School:Kansas State University
School Location:USA - Kansas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:escherichia coli o157 gut location cattle neomycin agriculture animal culture and nutrition 0475
Date of Publication:01/01/2008