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Equality of Opportunity: Equal Access to Higher Education

by Short, Myriah J.

Abstract (Summary)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not the Athens County Retention Program (ACRP) at Hocking College, Nelsonville, Ohio assisted students from low socioeconomic backgrounds in obtaining a college degree. A comparison of students who participated in ACRP (n=100) and non-eligible students (n=104) was examined to determine if significant differences existed related to degree attainment, ASSETT/COMPASS entrance examination placement, and on-campus living status. A quantitative research design was used to determine relationships, effects, and causes. The following student-level data was requested from the HP3000 Image Data Base at Hocking College for students enrolled in the Athens County Retention Program: (a) student major, (b) county of residence, (c) whether or not graduated, (d) whether or not on-campus residential, (e) ASSETT/COMPASS placement, and (e) gender. The following data criteria were used to request data for Hocking College students whose county of residence was someplace other than Athens County: (a) student major, (b) county of residence, (c) whether or not graduated, (d) whether or not on-campus residential, (e) ASSETT/COMPASS placement, (e) gender, and (f) EFC $0. Results of the study between ACRP participation and non-eligible students include: no significant difference on entrance examination course placement in math, writing, and reading entrance assessment placement; males and females do not differ in their entry course placement; no significant relationship between ACRP participation and on-campus residency; non-eligible ACRP student’s graduation rates do differ from the Hocking College full-time benchmark reported by Ohio Board of Regents Performance Report for Ohio’s Colleges and Universities 2006 Institutional Outcomes Measures; a significant difference between ACRP and non-eligible students in the number of quarters they attended Hocking College; no significant difference between ACRP graduates and non-eligible student graduates in the number of quarters they attended at Hocking College; For non-graduates, the results indicated there was a significant difference between ACRP and non-eligible students in the number of quarters attended at Hocking College.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Ohio University

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:higher education low income

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2008

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