Epidemiological aspects of Claviceps africana, causal agent of Sorghum ergot
Station and Weslaco, while at Celaya it was positive. The highest correlation was 7 to 9 days before initiation of flowering, suggesting that cooler temperatures during this period could cause male sterility. A-lines showed the same relationships between ergot and maximum and minimum temperatures after initiation of flowering. Minimum relative humidity had a positive correlation with ergot after initiation of flowering in both sorghum plant types. Sphacelia stored under cool temperatures (-3oC to 7oC) maintained conidial viability, and newly-formed sphacelia located on the sphacelia surface had the highest conidial viability. However, they show a greater viability reduction through time compared with conidia from older sphacelia, showing that conidial maturity can play a role in the survival of the conidia. Sphacelia on plants grown at 10oC, 20oC and 30oC with low relative humidity did not had any sclerotial development up to 4 weeks after formation of sphacelia. However, higher temperatures promoted an increase in the sphacelia dry weight during that time.
Advisor:Odvody, Gary N.; Isakeit, Thomas; Prom, Louis K.; Rooney, William L.
School:Texas A&M University
School Location:USA - Texas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:sorghum ergot prediction model conidia survival sclerotia
Date of Publication:12/01/2004