Employment networks: the supply side of the ticket to work-work incentives improvement act (PL 105-170)
The purpose of this project was to explore and describe the opinions and attitudes of potential Employment Networks (ENs) as factors in the successful implementation of the Ticket to Work-Work Incentives Improvement Act, PL 106-170. This groundbreaking legislation, which allows for beneficiary choice in a vocational rehabilitation provider, can be conceptualized in terms of supply and demand. The “demand” side of the law is reflected in the number of beneficiaries who are interested in receiving services to become employed. The “supply” side is simply the number of rehabilitation providers who are equally interested in becoming ENs, and assisting beneficiaries in obtaining employment. To date, much time and effort has been expended on notifying beneficiaries of their rights and incentives for returning to work. Meanwhile, relatively less effort has taken place in exploring and describing the attitudes of providers who have not become ENs. The overall success of the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act (TWWIIA) can be measured not only by the number of beneficiaries who take advantage of these new incentives, but also by the number and quality of the providers who become and remain an Employment Network. This survey research accomplished two primary objectives. The first objective was to determine which factors most heavily influenced the decision of potential ENs not to participate in this program. Factors explored were the following: 1) the payment system; 2) payment options/ issues; 3) delays in reimbursement; 4) the relationship between state vocational rehabilitation agencies (SVRAs) and ENs; 5) EN reporting requirements; 6) EN requirements/credentials; 7) criteria for the evaluation of ENs; and finally, 8) capitalization/start-up costs. The second objective was to determine the relationship between (a) the Ticket program components, and the demographic characteristics of participants, and (b) the decision of rehabilitation providers not to participate as an Employment Network. These objectives were accomplished primarily by the use of a web-based survey. 2) professional experiences of the researcher; 3) input of an expert panel; and 4) on anecdotal information collected informally from ENs around the country as the Ticket program has been implemented. Only capitalization/start-up costs were found to be significant. End.
School:The Ohio State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:ticket to work incentives improvement act pl 106 170 employment networks social security administration ssa vocational rehabilitation twwiia disability policy
Date of Publication:01/01/2005