El tríptico tolstoyano de Doña Emilia Pardo Bazán
Emilia Pardo Bazán’s perception of Leo Tolstoy culminates in her short story trilogy: El conde llora, El conde sueña, and El espíritu del conde. For Pardo Bazán, who popularized Russian literature in late nineteenth-century Spain, Tolstoy was initially a model realist but then was viciously critiqued in these three works. The present thesis shows that Pardo Bazán inherited the myth of Tolstoy created in Melchior de Vogüé’s Le roman russe and adopted by the Russian anarchists in France and Spain for political propaganda. Investigation of Doña Emilia’s Tolstoyan trilogy and critical works reveals that her final bitter appraisal of the author of War and Peace, filtered through a naturalist framework, was the fruit of disillusionment with his social and religious thought. This disappointment stemmed from the Marxist critics who influenced Pardo Bazán and hastened to destroy the image of Tolstoy, as the Russian writer was a key ideological weapon for their anarchist rivals.
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:pardo bazán tolstoy vogüé anarchist marxist realismo naturalismo san francisco de asís budda campesinos terrateniente
Date of Publication:05/19/2009