El humor en la poesía de Gloria Fuertes
SUMMARY OF THE DOCTORAL THESIS
Humour is a communicative act which is made in a text as a unit of communication, and as such can be linguistically analysed. Humour is a creative way of communicating a view of the world.
This non-imitative form of communication is done through the transgression of the rules that govern the text and discourse production. This transgression is due to the presence of a meaningful segment that is heterogeneous regarding another or other linguistic signs, within a homogenising linguistic context. The created relationship between these heterogeneous signs highlights their connotations of opposite socio-cultural values uneven in rank-, which once confronted generate humour. These values neutralise one another, modifying the semiotic connotative degraded ant the lowest one is enhanced. Humour is also a transgression of values and provides the text with a new meaning, a transgressive message. The receivers smile signifies the acceptance of that trangessive message.
In Gloria Fuertes case, the linguistic procedures for generating humour must be added as stylistic resources to her poetical resources, which are connected to her communicative obsession and which coexist with those related to her imaginative capacity, her command of expressiveness, her poetical rhythm and her control of language.
The linguistic procedures for generating humour in Gloria Fuertes poetry are the following: 1) The transgression of content coherence rules (rule of semiotic recurrence, rule of no contradicition and rule of relationship with reality) and 2) the transgression of register adequacy rules due to the inadequacy of the theme, inadequacy of tenor and inadequacy of the mode.
The systems of connotative values modified by the neutralisations are 1) axiological values (worse / better, inferior/superior, superficial/interior, physical/spiritual, concrete/abstract, insignificant/transcendent, sincere/conventional, clore/exotic, quotidian/extraordinary); 2) Moral values (acceptable/unacceptable); 3) Values of plausibility (true/false, plausible/improbable) and 4) Register values (vulgar/elevated, serious/ludic, objective/subjective, distant/close, formal/informal)
The meaning that humour contributes to the text, in relation to the denotation in each poem and the semiotic system transgressed, is 1) LIBERATION AND VINDICATION OF LIFE. This nmeaning is given in those poems, in which humour means RELATIVIZATION of personal problems of the author (loneliness, lack of affection) or of the human being (life, death, love, old, age), DEMYTHOLOGIZATION (of God, poetry, certain social values) or else GLOBAL DISAGREEMENT (concerning absurd social conventions, clichés). 2) VINDICATION OF A DECENT LIFE FOR ALL HUMAN BEINGS, in those poems in which humour means PRAISING of human values, nonexistent today (modesty, humility, pacifism, generosity) or else CRITICISM of unfair society, ignorant hypocritical; falseness, the selfish, the unsupportive, etc.
But the humour of Gloria Fuertes, apart from being a meaningful contribution to the denotative content of her poetry (herself, the others, their disagreements) is in itself a message. She talks about her positive attitude towards life, and her rebellious and dissatisfied personality; she also talks of her respect towards the reader, which is shown through her control of the message (humour lightens the load of denunciation, which in never aggressive; humour lightens the ideological load, which is never dogmatic; humour lightens the load of truth, because she writes about it kindly). Humour also accomplishes its own goal that of generating humorous pleasure, and favouring the reception of the message: communicative will that in Gloria Fuertes case is connected to her Christian compromise.
Document Full Text
Advisor:Fernández Gutierrez, José Maria
School:Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:departament de filologies romàniques
Date of Publication:07/12/2005