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Efficient analysis of rare events associated with individual buffers in a Tandem Jackson network [electronic resource] /

by Dhamodaran, Ramya.; Theses and, OhioLINK Electronic

Abstract (Summary)
For more than a decade, importance sampling has been a popular technique for the efficient estimation of rare event probabilities. This thesis presents an approach for applying balanced likelihood ratio importance sampling to estimate rare event probabilities in tandem Jackson networks. The rare event of interest is the probability that the content of the second buffer in a two node tandem Jackson network reaches some high level before it empties. Heuristic importance sampling distributions are derived that can be used to estimate this overflow probability in cases where the first buffer capacity is finite and infinite. In the proposed methods, the transition probabilities of the embedded discrete-time Markov chain are modified dynamically to bound the overall likelihood ratio of each cycle. The proposed importance sampling distributions differ from previous balanced likelihood ratio methods in that they are specified as functions of the contents of the buffers. When the first buffer capacity is infinite, the proposed importance sampling estimator yields bounded relative error except when the first server is the bottleneck. In the latter case, numerical results suggest that the relative error is linearly bounded in the buffer size. When the first buffer capacity is finite, empirical results indicate that the relative errors of these importance sampling estimators are bounded independent of the buffer size when the second server is the bottleneck and bounded linearly in the buffer size otherwise.
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School:University of Cincinnati

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

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