Efficiency of the enzymatic maceration of the Bacuri(Platonia insignis Mart.)pulp

by de Aquino, Andréa Cardoso

Abstract (Summary)
In this work, bacuri fruits (Platonia insignis Mart.) from the midnorthern region have been used together with commercial enzymatic preparations kindly donated by Novo Nordisk and Quest International. Research began with a bacuri pulp characterization ?in natura? through chemical and physicochemical analysis .Pectinex AR, Pectinex Ultra SP-L, Biopectinase CCM, Ultrazym AFP-L and Viscosyme L were analyzed in regards to polygalacturonase,pectinmetilesterase, pectinliase, cellulose, invertase and xilanase activity. The process of bacuri pulp maceration was carried out with basis on different studies for ideal commercial enzymatic preparation selection and enzymatic preparation and timing parameters, pulp/water ratio and homogenization time. This process was based on total reducer group (GRT) quantification, consistence and pulp content. Once these parameters were defined, the whitening stage was initiated with the objective of deactivating enzymes after maceration. Diluted pulp physicochemical and chemical characterizations were performed, as well as macerated pulp and diluted/macerated whitened pulp characterization for comparative purposes, together with microbiological analysis. Four nectars were formulated, being the first one with 10% pulp without enzymatic preparation addition and the other three with 10%, 20% and 30% pulp with addition of enzymatic preparation. These nectars were submitted to sensorial evaluation, global impression and feature diagnosis for sweetness, residual flavor consistence and intensity evaluation. Results demonstrated that bacuri pulp can be a considerable food source. 800 ppm of Viscozyme L (25 U/mL of polyigalacturonase), with 40 minutes of enzymatic treatment, pulp/water dilution 1:2 and 20 second homogenization, presented an appropriate level for pulp maceration. Sensorial analysis showed that it is possible to prepare nectar with at least 20% of pulp by adding commercial enzymatic preparations.
This document abstract is also available in Portuguese.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Gustavo Adolfo Saavedra Pinto; Valdomiro Aurélio Barbosa de Souza; SUELI RODRIGUES; GERALDO ARRAES MAIA; RAIMUNDO WILANE DE FIGUEIREDO

School:Universidade Federal do Ceará

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:native species, pulp liquefaction, pectinolytic enzymes.


Date of Publication:02/29/2008

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