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Effects of dietary enzymes or specialty proteins on nursery pig performance

by Jones, Cassandra Katherine

Abstract (Summary)
Eight experiments used 1,712 pigs to determine influences of dietary enzymes or specialty proteins on nursery pig performance. Experiments 1 and 2 evaluated the effects of fish meal, fermented soybean meal, or dried porcine solubles on performance. Experiment 1 showed pigs fed dried porcine solubles had improved (P = 0.01) ADG and G:F compared to pigs fed the control diet, and improved (P = 0.03) G:F compared to pigs fed the combination of fermented soybean meal and fish meal. Experiment 2 showed pigs fed increasing fermented soybean meal had improved (quadratic, P = 0.03) G:F. Experiments 3 and 4 evaluated the effects of commercial enzyme addition to diets containing dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) on performance. In experiment 3, neither DDGS nor enzyme addition influenced (P > 0.10) ADG and G:F. Experiment 4 found there were no (P > 0.32) enzyme × DDGS source interactions. Corn DDGS did not influence pig performance (P > 0.36). Sorghum DDGS reduced (P = 0.003) G:F, with no difference between sorghum DDGS sources. Adding enzymes to 30% DDGS diets did not improve (P > 0.57) performance. Experiments 5 and 6 evaluated the effects of fish meal (SMFM), spray-dried animal plasma (SDAP), or peptone on performance. In Experiment 5, different specialty proteins had similar (P > 0.10) ADG, ADFI, or G:F. Experiment 6 showed pigs fed 4% Peptone 2 during phase 1 and 2% Peptone 2 during phase 2 had improved (P < 0.05) ADG compared to pigs fed SMFM, and improved (P < 0.05) G:F compared to pigs fed all other diets. Experiments 7 and 8 developed an available P release curve for commercial phytase products. In both experiments, pigs fed increasing inorganic P had improved (linear, P < 0.01) G:F and percentage bone ash. Pigs fed increasing OptiPhos 2000-M, Phyzyme XP, or Ronozyme P had improved (P < 0.001) percentage bone ash. Available P release for up to 1,000 FTU/kg of Escherichia coli-derived phytases can be predicted by the equation (y = -0.000000125x[superscript]2 + 0.000236245x + 0.015482), where x is the phytase level in the diet.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Kansas State University

School Location:USA - Kansas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:dietary enzymes nursery pig specialty proteins agriculture animal culture and nutrition 0475

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2009

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