Effects of climatic change on the growth of dominating tree species along major environmental gradients.
Abstract (Summary)This thesis deals with effects of climate on tree growth of the dominating conifer species, Picea abies (L) Karst. (Norway spruce) and Pinus sylvestris L (Scots pine), in central Norway and Fennoscandia. Both species are sampled along major environmental gradients, i.e. altitude and oceanicity, and growth responses to climate, i.e. temperature and precipitation, are examined along these gradients. Additionally, time is considered as an environmental gradient and temporal responses are carefully deciphered. Special attention is given to large-scale climate oscillation and their effect on tree growth. In the individual papers the specific aims have been to:1. identify climate variables (all seasons) with significant influence on radial tree growth of P. abies and P. sylvestris along major environmental gradients (Paper I-IV)2. identify if and how the growth response to climate has changed through time along these gradients (Paper I-IV)3. make interregional comparisons of P. sylvestris growth pattern across Fennoscandia from oceanic western Norway to continental eastern Finland (Paper III)4. analyse to what degree large-scale circulation patterns of air masses are registered in regional tree growth of both P. abies and P. sylvestris (Paper I, III and IV)5. discuss possible effects on radial tree growth of a predicted warmer climate (Paper I, III and IV)
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/2002