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Effects of Temperature, Salinity and Algal Concentration on the Filter-Feeding of Bivalve Sanguinolaria rostrata

by Ko, Hai-Lun

Abstract (Summary)
The environment of bivalve Sanguinolaria rostrata growth and reproduction is affected by temperature, salinity and algal concentration.The growth and fattening of the bivalves is closely associated with filter-feeding. Hence, the present work was to investigate the effect of temperature, salinity and algal concentration on the filter-feeding of the bivalves. The salinity ranging from 5 to 30 at the interval of 5 psu, four temperatures at 20¢X, 25¢X, 27¢X and 30¢J, and three algal concentrations of each Isochrysis galbana and each Chaetoceros gracilis, 104 , 105 and 106 cells/ml, were used. Algal concentration was measured each hour and each test run last for 6 hours. A peak appeared at the salinity of 20 psu in each clearance rate vs salinity curve and clearance rate decreased with increasing algal concentration; a peak also appeared at the salinity of either 15¡ã20 psu in the ingestion rate vs salinity curve; and ingestion rate and the amount of pseudofaeces increased with increasing algal concentration. Under the conditions of algal concentration 104 cells/ml and temperature range 20¢X~30¢J, a peak appeared at 25¢J in each clearance rate and each ingestion rate vs temperature curves, and the greatest peak of clearance rate was 1.13 l/h; and the amount of pseudofaeces was the greatest at 25¢J and 20 psu. The bivalves fed with Isochrysis galbana have greater clearance and ingestion rates but less amount of pseudofaeces, compared to those fed with Chaetoceros gracilis.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Li-Lian Liu; Tzyy-Ing Chen; I-ming Chen

School:National Sun Yat-Sen University

School Location:China - Taiwan

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:salinity bivalve temperature algal concentration sanguinolaria rostrata clearance rate filter feeding pseudofaeces

ISBN:

Date of Publication:08/13/2004

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