The Effects of Monitoring and Ability to Achieve Cognitive Structure on the Psychological Distress of HIV Testing
HIV is a significant health concern and millions of people are tested for it each year. Many persons undergoing testing experience substantial psychological distress. This psychological distress may be influenced by information seeking strategies. Information seeking can vary along two dimensions: Monitoring and blunting. Monitoring refers to a strategy wherein a person seeks out information and blunting refers to a strategy wherein a person avoids information concerning threatening events. The ability to achieve cognitive structure (AACS) may play a moderating role in the relationship between monitoring and psychological distress. The present study examined the association among information seeking style and the ability to achieve cognitive structure on psychological distress associated with HIV testing. Results suggested that for individuals undergoing HIV testing, the AACS may be a better predictor of psychological distress than the level of monitoring. Limitations of the study, clinical implications, and suggestions for future research are also discussed.
School:Bowling Green State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:monitoring ability to achieve cognitive structure aacs psychological distress hiv testing
Date of Publication:01/01/2005