Effectiveness of pre-baccalaureate Health Careers Opportunity Programs (HCOP) for disadvantaged students in three Southern states /
Effectiveness of Pre-Baccalaureate Health Careers Opportunity Programs (HCOP) for
Disadvantaged Students in Three Southern States
Virloy E. Lewin
This study evaluated three HCOP projects to determine, describe, and assess their
overall effectiveness and identify successful strategies used by these projects to reach
their specific objectives. Demographic and scholastic data were collected about 393
HCOP participants at the three HCOP projects in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia
during the years 1990-1999. Detailed information about the activities used to
incorporate the HCOP legislative purposes into the programs was also collected.
Sixty-seven percent of HCOP participants were Caucasian and 78% were female.
Scholastic data were limited to data from the EKU and ETSU HCOP programs. The
average high school GPA score for HCOP participants in this study was 3.34 on a 4.0
scale. The average ACT score was 20.6. When compared with institutional data, HCOP
students had a higher GPA than the regular first-year college students at the specific
institutions. The average ACT scores were similar for the HCOP and regular students
taking into account the standard error of measurement.
Ninety-three percent HCOP participants enrolled in college and 77% of them majored in
a health profession programs. Fifty-eight percent of the HCOP participants graduated
from a program of study and of those who graduated, 87% were from a health
profession program. Eighty-seven percent of the HCOP participants were employed in a
health profession. HCOP projects were required to conduct activities that addressed two
or more legislative purposes. These legislative purposes were recruitment, preliminary
education, facilitating entry, retention and dissemination of financial aid information. The
activities of each project were summarized and the impact was discussed.
Students who participated in HCOP programs were likely to enroll and graduate from a
health related major and become employed in a health profession. The researcher
recommended the need for (a) individualized retention strategies to prevent or minimize
attrition rates among participants, (b) the development of a uniform participant profile
that would allow for accurate comparisons across institutions, (c) HCOP grantees to be
more supportive of evaluative studies and, (d) dissemination of research findings on
HCOP programs and their impact.
School:East Tennessee State University
School Location:USA - Tennessee
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:health careers opportunity program u s minorities in medicine educational equalization evaluation kentucky tennessee virginia southern states
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