Effect of enzyme application in temper water on wheat milling

by Yoo, Juhyun

Abstract (Summary)
The effect of enzyme in temper water on wheat milling performance and flour quality was studied. Five independent variables, enzyme concentration, incubation time, incubation temperature, tempered wheat moisture content, and tempering water pH, were studied. An enzyme cocktail consisting of cellulase, xylanase, and pectinase was used at 5 different concentrations. A single pure variety of hard red winter wheat was tempered under defined conditions following an RSM central composite design which required 33 tests including 7 replicates. Each treatment had 5 levels: high, medium high, medium, medium low, and low. After tempering, the physical characteristics of the wheat kernel were determined by using the Single Kernel Characterization System. An experimental laboratory mill (Ross Mill) was used to mill wheat into flour. Thirteen streams of flour, and additional streams of bran, shorts, red dog, and germ were obtained. Product yield, protein, ash, and flour color were evaluated. The data were analyzed and compared using the software SAS and RSM Plus.

The data showed that incubation time was the only significant factor affecting the tempered wheat hardness (p<0.05). The treatments affected the flour yield from the break rolls more than that from the reduction rolls. However, a maximum point for flour yield was not found. The relationship between treatments and flour yield was established with a prediction model equation. Also, the enzyme effect on the dough properties and bread making were investigated. The treatments did not affect the optimum water absorption for the flours. However, enzyme treated flours showed shorter mixing times. Regardless of the differences in mixing times, the specific loaf volumes were not significantly different for the all treatments. Bread baked from the flour milled from enzyme treated wheat did not show a positive effect on bread staling.

Bibliographical Information:


School:Kansas State University

School Location:USA - Kansas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:milling flour enzyme tempering agriculture food science and technology 0359


Date of Publication:01/01/2007

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