The Effect of Repeated Textual Encounters and Pictorial Glosses upon Acquiring Additional Word Senses The Effect of Repeated Textual Encounters and Pictorial Glosses upon Acquiring Additional Word Senses
Before the administration of the two vocabulary-learning treatments the participants completed a vocabulary pretest on the target words to establish a baseline of knowledge. At the conclusion of the vocabulary pretest, Group A read a French fairy tale encountering half of the target words using the RTE treatment while encountering the other half of the target words using the PE treatment. Although Group B read the same French fairy tale, they did not receive the same treatment for the same words. Specifically, the target words that those in Group A encountered using the RTE treatment were encountered by those in Group B using the PE treatment, and vise versa for the other treatment. Immediately following the treatments the participants completed a vocabulary recall test wherein the participants demonstrated their ability to infer additional senses of the target words in addition to recall original senses of target words as encountered in the text. Vocabulary gains were used as data to determine the participants’ ability to infer additional word senses and recall original word senses.
Results from t tests indicate that both treatments have a significant impact upon the learner’s ability to infer additional word senses as well as recall original senses. Furthermore, results from analysis on the data gathered for individual words show that the treatments had a significant effect on learners inferring and recalling the senses of certain words over others. Results did not determine, however, which treatment was more effective than the other for learners to infer additional senses of words or to recall original word senses.
School:Brigham Young University
School Location:USA - Utah
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:second language acquisition sla vocabulary development french textual encounters pictorial glosses visuals inferring meaning word senses
Date of Publication:02/16/2006