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Distributed Multiple Access and Service Differentiation Algorithms for Wireless Networks

by Nilsson, Thomas

Abstract (Summary)
Communicating over a wireless channel poses many unique challenges not found in wired communication because of the special characteristics of the wireless channel. The capacity in a wireless network is typically scarce as a result of the limited bandwidth and many distinct phenomenons, like attenuation and interference, that work destructively on the received signals.The Medium Access Control (MAC) layer is responsible for sharing this limited resource among the users. This allocation problem should be handled by considering the Quality of Service (QoS) requirements of each user as to maximize the utility. Efficient MAC algorithms are crucial in minimizing collisions between transmissions and thus achieving high utilization of the channel.This thesis focuses on conflict resolution and service differentiation algorithms for wireless local area networks, where there is no central control of the channel and each sender independently contends for access.In part I, we study three approaches to improve the IEEE 802.11(e) standards with focus on QoS. In the first approach, utility functions are considered, that model application preferences, to achieve service differentiation and maximize the aggregated utility. We provide algorithms for two subsidiary problems that arise from the maximization problem, and show that a near--optimal solution is found. In the second approach a collision detection algorithm for multicast transmissions is proposed, that increases the reliability for multicast compared to the protected unicast traffic. The third approach is an improved MAC algorithm for the QoS standard IEEE 802.11e. The improved algorithm outperforms the standard and achieves close to optimal performance for large number of scenarios, which significantly reduces the need of adjusting the contention parameters.In part II, we focus on channel bursting protocols that use noise bursts to resolve channel conflicts. These protocols is capable of achieving very low collision probability. We propose two new bursting protocols, that achieve very high channel utilization, and show that the bursting technique has good fairness properties and provides efficient support for service differentiation. We also show that it is possible to reduce the number of bursts without loosing performance.In part III, the optimal backoff distribution that minimizes the collision probability is derived. We then propose a heuristic backoff distribution with similar properties that yields high channel utilization. An extension for service differentiation is provided where the sizes of the backoff windows are adjusted.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Umeå universitet

School Location:Sweden

Source Type:Doctoral Dissertation

Keywords:TECHNOLOGY; Information technology; Telecommunication; Datatransmission; Wireless Local Area Networks; Medium Access Control; Quality of Service; Resource Allocation; IEEE 802.11; IEEE 802.11e

ISBN:978-91-7264-487-8

Date of Publication:01/01/2008

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