Differences in male and female athletes and their perceptions of an ideal coach with respect to locus of control, competitiveness, goal-orientation and win-orientation

by Johnson, Joshua Spencer.

Abstract (Summary)
Johnson Joshua S. (Writer) (Last Name) (First) (Initial) Differences in Male and Female Athletes and their Perceptions of an Ideal Coach with respect to Locus of Control, Competitiveness, Goal-orientation and Win-orientation (Title) M.S. in Applied Psychology Dr. James Byrd December, 2003 52 pages (Graduate Major) (Research Advisor) (Month/Year) (No. of Pages) This report is submitted using the American Psychological Association Style Manual (Name of Style Manual Used in this Study) The current study examined differences between male and female athletes and their perceptions of an ideal coach. The study focused on internal vs. external locus of control, competitiveness, goal-orientation and win-orientation as a basis to determine possible differences in an ideal coach. An paired-samples t-test was run to test the similar-to-me effect that states that people will choose a leader or manager like themselves. 104 female and 98 male athletes participated in the study from track and field, baseball, softball and basketball. Results indicated that men preferred a more internal locus, competitive and win-oriented coach than women did. Analysis of the self-reports of the athletes reflected these same findings with men scoring significantly higher on internal locus of control, competitiveness and win-orientation. Analysis of the similarto-me effect indicated that the athletes did not prefer a coach that is similar to themselves. Each variable in this analysis was significantly different at the .001 level from the ideal coach scale to the self-report scale. Findings thus indicate that men and women will prefer different coaches, but will not choose that ideal coach according to their own personality. iii
Bibliographical Information:


School:Centro Universitário do Planalto de Araxá

School Location:Brazil

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:women athletes coaches athletics


Date of Publication:

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