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Development of a screening method for drought tolerance in cotton seedlings

by Longenberger, Polly Suzanne

Abstract (Summary)
The key to an efficient screening method is the ability to screen large amounts of plant material in the shortest time possible. Unfortunately, due to the complexity of drought tolerance, a quick and effective screen for this trait has yet to be established. The research reported herein was designed to evaluate a screening method for drought tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedlings. Twenty-one converted race stocks (CRS) and two cultivars were evaluated for seedling drought tolerance on an individual plant basis. CRS are day-sensitive primitive lines derived from various wild race stocks that were converted to day neutrality for use in temperate region plant improvement programs (McCarty et al., 1993). Genotypes were evaluated October - November 2004 and February - March 2005 under greenhouse conditions at the Norman E. Borlaug Center for Southern Crop Improvement, College Station, TX. Seedlings were subjected to three sequential cycles of drought at 15 days after planting (DAP). Drought cycles consisted of withholding water until the moisture content of "indicator" cone-tainers, containing Deltapine 491 (DP 491), had an average volumetric water content of 0.07. Plants were then watered to field capacity and percent survival was recorded after 48 hours. Genotypes differed in their percent survival following three consecutive drought cycles. Drought cycles 2 and 3 did not contribute to the separation of genotypes. DP 491 was the most tolerant genotype evaluated. None of the CRS were more or less tolerant than Acala 1517-99. CRS M-9044-0165 was the most stable genotype across the two experiments.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Smith, C. Wayne; Thaxton, Peggy; Binzel, Marla; McMichael, Bobbie

School:Texas A&M University

School Location:USA - Texas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:cotton drought screen

ISBN:

Date of Publication:12/01/2005

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