Details

Development of a control algorithm for a dynamic gas mixing system [electronic resource] /

by Lovelady, April

Abstract (Summary)
An algorithm was developed to control the partial pressures of N?, O?, and CO? in a gas mixing tank. The gases were premixed before being introduced into the low pressure Mars Dome. As an attempt to reduce the effects of pressure, the number of moles of the component gases was calculated and used to determine when gases needed to be added to the system or when gas concentrations needed to be diluted. There were two trial runs during each of the two experiments carried out. The total pressures in both the mixing tank and the Mars Dome remained within their limits of constraint during both trials. For the mixing tank, the pressure was maintained between 170kPa and 180kPa with a setpoint of 175kPa. Gas composition was evaluated at 67kPa and 33kPa in the Mars Dome. Again the pressure remained within its range of ±5kPa of its setpoint. Adequate control of the partial pressures of N?, and O? were achieved in the mixing tank and the Mars Dome. With respect to the control of CO?, the algorithm was unable to maintain the partial pressure within the operational limits specified. The tendency was for CO? to linger above its setpoint. Moreover, at 33kPa the CO? sensor in the Mars Dome began to reflect a lower concentration of CO? in the system than what was reported by the gas chromatograph or the CO? sensor in the mixing tank. While sufficient control of the partial pressures was achieved, there are modifications to be made that should further tighten the control limits of the system. Such modifications include recalibrating the sensors in the system and adjusting gas flow rates.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Texas A&M International University

School Location:USA - Texas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:major biological and agricultural engineering hypobaric subambient pressure

ISBN:

Date of Publication:

© 2009 OpenThesis.org. All Rights Reserved.