Determinants of Political Participation of Female Appointees in Taiwan
Women continue to be marginalized at most levels of government, especially in political appointment positions. This research interviewed sixteen female political appointees. We found they were drawn from elites, such as legislators, professors, teachers, lawyers and journalists. Most female appointees showed profound political interests through active participation in political activities and social movements, which allows them from movement to government. Interviewees in this research expressed that the president or their mayor invited them to serve as such posts because of appreciation of their past working experiences and administrative experiences.
We found some mothers opposed their daughters to step into politics. Furthermore, the very division between public/private and man/woman composes the different expectations on male and female political appointees, such as domestic chores, caring and even their abilities in dealing with politics.
Gender makes a difference. Female interviewees tended to promote capable female in their divisions and redressed the past ¡§gender-neutral¡¨ policy to help women have a better life. Some female political appointees also expressed their unique sensitivity as women in decision-making process.
In order to increase women to participate in politics, this research suggests raising gender awareness in policies and stress on school education and public education for engaging younger generations. Further, gender quota can increase women¡¦s opportunity to serve as political appointees.
Advisor:Ching-chane Hwang; Pin-yu Chu; Li-chun Chiang
School:National Sun Yat-Sen University
School Location:China - Taiwan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:women politics female appointee gender quota
Date of Publication:08/29/2005