Design of a variable gain amplifier for an ultrawideband receiver
A fully differential CMOS variable gain amplifier (VGA) has been designed for
an ultra-wideband receiver. The VGA comprises of two variable gain stages followed by
a post amplifier stage. The interface between the digital control block and the analog
VGA is formed by a digital-to-analog converter and an exponential voltage generator.
The gain of the VGA varies dB-linearly from 0 to 52 dB with respect to the control
voltage. The VGA is operated in open loop with a bandwidth greater than 500 MHz
throughout the gain range to cater to the requirements of the ultra-wideband system. The
noise-to-power ratio of the VGA is -23.9 dB for 1Vp-p differential input signal in the low
gain setting, and the equivalent input referred noise is 1.01 V2 for the high gain setting.
All three stages use common mode feedback to fix and stabilize the output DC levels at
a particular voltage depending on the input common-mode requirement of the following
stage. DC offset cancellation has also been incorporated to minimize the input referred
DC offset caused by systematic and random mismatches in the circuit. Compensation
schemes to minimize the effects of temperature, supply and process variations have been
included in the design. The circuit has been designed in 0.18??m CMOS technology, and
the post layout simulations are in good agreement with the schematic simulations.
Advisor:Karsilayan, Aydin; Chamberland, Jean-Francois; Langari, Reza; Silva-Martinez, Jose
School:Texas A&M University
School Location:USA - Texas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:08/01/2005