Design and construction of a compact multi-chamber tissue equivalent proportional counter

by Taplin, Temeka

Abstract (Summary)
This project was designed to determine the feasibility of constructing a multichamber proportional counter. A multi-chamber detector is designed to increase the total surface area which will increase the number of radiation interactions that occur per unit dose. Surface area can be changed without changing the detector volume by subdividing the active volume into several smaller volumes that can then be used as mini detectors whose data can be summed and used to determine the absorbed dose. This will allow the total surface area to remain the same as that of the more common 12.5 cm (5 in.) spherical detector and a decreased total volume resulting in a more compact detector design. However, subdividing those volumes causes problems with electric field fringing at the ends of the mini detectors. In order to correct this, guard ring and field tube designs which operate at a lower voltage than the detector cathode were tested. Results from this study showed that the field tube design provided the best overall resolution but it only outperformed the other designs by a maximum of 5%. However the field tube design doubles the length of the detector which would result in a larger overall detector package. The performance of the single and double ring configurations was suitable for radiation monitoring applications. These findings show that it is feasible to use an array of subdivided detector volumes instead of a spherical detector.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Braby, Leslie A.; Hamilton, Ian; White, James T.

School:Texas A&M University

School Location:USA - Texas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:multi chamber proportional counter


Date of Publication:12/01/2005

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