Design, Synthesis and Biological testing of Novel ligands for Ghrelin Receptor
AbstractG-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are having the high medical importance since almost half of the medicinal drugs are designed as modulators of receptor molecules. Crystal structure or NMR structures of GPCRs are very difficult to determine because all GPCRs are typically bound to the cell membrane and thus their molecular activation mechanism is still unclear. The recent publication of the crystal structure of the ?2-adrenoreceptor will provide new insights in the field of GPCR research.Ghrelin is a peptide growth hormone which binds to the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) and stimulates the release of growth hormone. Based on the known ghrelin receptor binding core sequences wFwLL (upper letter and lower letter representative for L-form and D-form of the amino acids respectively), we prepared two novel peptide analogs with terminal S-(2-aminoethylsulfenyl) cysteine residues. These peptides were tested for their ability to suppress the binding of ghrelin to transfected COS7 cell-line (Kidney fibroblast line from the green African monkey) cells expressing the ghrelin wild-type receptor or certain mutants thereof. As a result we observed a significant reduction of the total number of binding sites accessible for ghrelin, which increased with the time the cells were incubated with our test compounds. This observations support our hypothesis that the peptides we tested form a covalent bond with free thiols located closely to the ligand binding-site of the receptor protein by disulfide thiol exchange which is an interesting target for development of anti-obesity drugs.
School:Högskolan i Skövde
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:harsha burri reddy skovde sweden denmark ghrelin
Date of Publication:05/07/2008