Der Einfluß von proinflammatorischen Zytokinen und Cyclosporin A auf die intra- und extrafollikuläre Expression von Neurotrophinen und ihrer Rezeptoren am Haarfollikel
The hair follicle is both, source and target of various cytokines and neurotrophins (NTs), and various cytokines are recognized to alter expression of NTs and their receptors. Therefore I examined, whether cytokines can alter the expression of NTs also in the hair follicle. By means of immunofluorescence, it was investigated on cryostat sections of murine back skin (C57BL/6- mice), whether and how the intradermal injection of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1 beta, TNF-apha, IFN-gamma, topical dexamethasone or cyclosporin A (CsA) treatment i.g. alter the intra- and extrafollicular immunoreactivity (IR) of NGF, BDNF, NT-4, NT-3 or that of the corresponding high affinity receptors Trk-A (NGF), Trk-B (BDNF, NT-4), Trk-C (NT-3) or their common low affinity receptor p75NTR. All hair follicles were in the growth stage of the hair cycle (Anagen VI). All these cytokines as well as a cocktail of IFN-gamma, IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha increased the NGF-IR in the proximal outer root sheath (ORS) and in the hair matrix (HM) of Anagen VI hair follicles. The cytokine cocktail upregulated NT-3 and NT-4-IR in murine epidermis, increased NT-4-IR in selected cell populations of the HM and the proximal ORS. It enhanced also the p75NTR expression in the dermal papilla. Surprisingly, intraperitoneal treatment with CsA also increased the NGF-IR in HM and ORS, while dexamethasone showed no effect. This demonstrates that selected proinflammatory cytokines and CsA alter the cutaneous intra- and extrafollicular expression of NTs and their receptors.
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School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:Neurotrophine Cyclosporin A cytokines hair growth neurotrophins cyclosporin YF 4700
Date of Publication:02/28/2002