Den orena revisionsberättelsen : orsaker och effekter
Abstract (Summary)Background and problem: The audit report is seen as a quality stamp for a company and a defect audit report is something very serious for most of a company's stakeholders. Earlier research claims that 50 percent of the companies who received a defect audit report go bankrupt within five years. The corresponding figure for companies who have not received a defect report is 20 percent. Since a remark in the audit report is considered to be grave, it is of interest to study closer which factors lead to a defect audit report, and further how it influences a company to have a defect audit report.Purpose: The purpose of this essay is to create statistics over the causes of defect audit reports to be able to see how commonly occurring the different causes are, and to study how the entrepreneurs perceive the audit report in general and particularly the defect one.Delimitation: The essay studies annual reports from 2003 in joint-stock companies with more than three employees. Interviews are being held with one respondent from each group of causes.Method: To begin with we have implemented a quantitative method in which we have studied the audit reports in the selected population. Out of this we have compiled the most common factors that are the causes of a defect audit report and graded them into different groups of causes. Thereafter a qualitative study consisting of interviews was completed. We have selected the respondents of the interviews by looking at every group of causes and therefore have chosen one company out of each group.Results and conclusions: The number of defect audit reports for the inquired population in 2003 amounted to 13.1 percent. The most common cause is that the annual report has been submitted too late due to the fact that companies’ stakeholders do not pay much attention to that cause in particular. In general the entrepreneurs are of the opinion that the audit report is too standardised, the defect one as well. Hence it is the underlying reasons for a defect audit report, as well as different parameters, which are of interest to the stakeholders of a company.Suggestions to further studies: While writing the essay, subjects for further studies have arisen. It would be of interest to perform a major interview inquiry to study whether the effects of the defect audit report differ due to the cause of it. A more thorough research of the differences between small and large companies would also be interesting. Are they affected differently by a defect audit report and do they render a defect audit report to different extents?
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:06/08/2006