Decomposition of Acetone by Nano-sized Photocatalysts Coated on Activated Carbon Cellulose-paper Filter

by Peng, Yi-wei

Abstract (Summary)
This study combined photocatalytic technology with activated carbon cellulose-paper filter (ACCF) adsorption to decompose gaseous pollutants. Gaseous pollutants were initially adsorbed by activated carbon and could be further decomposed by photocatalytic technology. This study selected acetone (CH3COCH3) as gaseous pollutants. Two market available photocatalysts (photocatalysts¢¹and¢º) were coated on ACCF by impregnation to decompose acetone in a batch photocatlytic reactor. Operating parameters investigated in this study included initial acetone concentration (4.1~10.2 £gM), reaction temperature (40~70¢J), and water vapor (0~20 %). The incident UV light of 365 nm was irradiated by a 20-watt low-pressure mercury lamp placing above the batch photocatalytic reactor. The ACCF coated with TiO2 was placed at the center of the photocatalytic reactor. Acetone was injected into the reactor by a gasket syringe to conduct the photocatalytic tests. Reactants and products were analyzed quantitatively by a gas chromatography with an electron capture detector (GC/DCD) and a flame ionization detector followed by a methaneizer (GC/FID-Methaneizer). Finally, a Langmiur-Hinshewood (L-H) kinetic model was proposed to describe the rate of photocatalytic reaction. Results obtained from the photocatalytic tests indicated that photocatalyst¢º was better than photocatalyst¢¹ for the decomposition of acetone. Experimental results indicated that the size range of self-produced TiO2 photocatalyst by sol-gel was 20~70 nm. The end products were mainly CO and CO2, which resulted in the mineralization ratio up to 98%. Results obtained from the operating parameter tests revealed that the increase of initial acetone concentration enhanced the amount of acetone adsorbed on ACCF, which however did not increase the reaction rate of acetone. Although the increase of reaction temperature could reduce the amount of acetone adsorbed on ACCF, the decomposition rate of acetone could be promoted, so as the yield rate and mineralization ratio of products (CO and CO2). The increase of water vapor could slightly decrease the amount of acetone adsorbed on ACCF. The competitive adsorption phenomenon between acetone and water molecules on active sites could decelerate the decomposion of acetone. Moreover, the ACCF would not be saturated since the adsorbed acetone could be further decomposed quickly by the photocatalysts, which made the TiO2/ACCF more effective on removing acetone and lasted longer than the conventional ACCF. Finally, a modified bimolecular Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetic model was developed to investigate the influences of initial acetone concentration reaction, temperature, and relative humidity on the promotion and inhibition for the photocatalytic oxidation of acetone. The modified L-H kinetic model could successfully simulate the photocatalytic reaction rate of acetone. Thus, the reaction rate of acetone over TiO2/ACCF could be described by the modified L-H kinetic model.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Yung-hsu Hsieh; Chung-shin Yuan; Chung-hsuang Hung; Cheng-di Dong; Cheng-di Dong; Cheng-di Dong

School:National Sun Yat-Sen University

School Location:China - Taiwan

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:l h kinetic model photocatalytic reaction activated carbon cellulose paper filter accf operating parameters titanium dioxide tio2 photocatalyst acetone decomposition


Date of Publication:08/27/2008

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