Cross-protection among leptospiral bacterins produced with three representatives of Serogroup Sejroe. Experimental assay in hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)
The existence of cross-protection among bivalent bacterins, produced with one of three leptospires belonging to Serogroup Sejroe: hardjo (bacterin A), wolffi (bacterin B) and guaricura (bacterin C), and a strain of serovar pomona (included because of its pathogenicity to hamsters and the possibility of performing potency assay with challenge), was investigated in male hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) by comparison of agglutinating and neutralizing antibodies titers, respectively measured by microscopic agglutination (MAT) and in vitro growth inhibition (GIT) tests. All animals received two doses of bacterins by subcutaneous route; after ten days from the second dose, they were inoculated with non-inactivated cultures of respective serovars of Serogroup Sejroe. At 21 post-challenge day (p.c.d.), all animals were bled and their sera (n=8) were joined in pools and tested by MAT and GIT. The potency assay with challenge performed only with serovar pomona was modified from protocol of USDA, but vaccines were not diluted and the immunization schedule employed two 1.0 mL vaccine doses by subcutaneous route with 10?day interval; the challenge was performed after ten days from the second dose; the number of deaths due to leptospirosis was registered; at 21 p.c.d., the survivors were sacrificed and their renal carrier state was investigated by culture of renal tissue for leptospires isolation. In the potency assay with serovar pomona, the number of infectious doses employed for challenge (100 infective units) was in accordance with the recommended range (10-1,000 infective units); respectively to bacterins A, B and C, proportions of deaths due to leptospirosis among vaccinated animals were 1/10, 0/10 and 3/10, and proportions of leptospires renal carrier among survivors were 2/9, 1/10 and 2/7. Results of MAT showed that bacterin A induced reactions against serovars hardjo and wolffi; bacterin B, against hardjo, wolffi and guaricura, and bacterin C, against guaricura; results of GIT revealed that vaccinated animals with bacterins B or C presented protection against serovar hardjo, wolffi and guaricura; however, bacterin A induced protection only against wolffi. A cross?protection was observed among serovars hardjo, wolffi and guaricura, although variations exist in the immunogenic capacity according to the strain of leptospires used for the bacterins production.
Advisor:Silvio Arruda Vasconcellos; Raul José da Silva Girio; Fumio Honma Ito; Silvio Arruda Vasconcellos
School:Universidade de São Paulo
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:lepstospira blood serum hamsters neutralizing antibodies vaccines
Date of Publication:02/18/2002