Creation of a virtual environment as a facilitator of dialogue about sexuality among adolescents: a resource of health education for formal and non formal teaching.
This study presents the creation process and analyses the production and evaluation of the multimedia ?Love and Sex: myths, truths and fantasies?, developed by the Museum of Life (Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz) as a resource for information en pondering over the theme sexuality in regards to the adolescents. This research starts from two central issues of the study: the communication in digital media and theinformation on sexuality, centered in a concept of health education that takes into account the personal development of the adolescents. In the first topic, we study the situation of digital inclusion in Brazil, the use of technological resourcesin education and the proposals originated from the Information and Communications Technologies. In the second topic, we analyze the proposals of the Brazilian Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health, of the Portuguese Ministry of Education and the European Community?s orientation, as expressed in the project SAFE, towards a comparative analysis of public policies about education and sexuality nowadays. In the theoretical background, we develop a revision on the forms of spreadingeducative information on sexuality for teens, reflecting about the demands of health attention from youths and their sexual and reproductive rights. The product?s evaluations had been done by means of an inquire with a group of 36 adolescents,students of public schools located around Manguinhos, north zone of Rio de Janeiro, and with 14 professionals of State Secretariats and of the Ministry of Health. The analysis revealed the potential application of the multimedia as educative resource in response to the results obtained with the public inquired. Suggestions for necessary adjustments had been raised leading to the creation of a new improved version.The ?Notebook of Questions?, a tool of the multimedia that allows the register of the users? thought, attained the expectation of its proposal and can become an alternative for professors and health professionals to analyze the thought of adolescent groups. Since it prevents the public exposition, thisprivate form of register of the youth?s speech can diminish inhibitions or embarrassment and favor the debate on the educative activities by allowing the previous knowledge of the thoughts, doubts and necessities of the group about the subject. Moreover, it can make possible studies on therepresentations involved in the processes of choices of adolescents in face of risk situations. The possibility of use of the multimedia as a research instrument was verified using the method of Discourse of the Collective Subject, proposed by Lèfevre amp; Lèfevre (2005). The representations obtained by Notebook were compared with the speech registered by hand. These analysis where also compared with drawings done by the same group of adolescents. The results suggests that the multimedia is a resource that favors the construction of an intersubjectivity historically and socially contextualized and can help the elaboration of new projects in scope of the formal and informal learning in regards to the health promotion practice.
Advisor:Virgínia Torres Schall
School:Faculdades Oswaldo Cruz
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:Multimedia/utilization Educational Technology Health Education Promotion Sexuality Pregnancy in Adolescence
Date of Publication:03/18/2008