COULOMB DRAG BETWEEN ONE-DIMENSIONAL ELECTRON SYSTEMS
We have measured Coulomb drag (CD) between two spatially separated and electrically isolated one-dimensional (1D) wires to study the Luttinger liquid (LL) state in 1D systems. We have fabricated dual-wire CD devices with long quantum wires (? 1 ?m) and short quantum wires (? 500 nm) with respect to the thermal lengths. The devices are made from high-mobility (?106cm2/Vs) two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) in AlGaAs/GaAs heterostructures, using high-resolution e-beam lithography, combined with metal deposition by e-beam evaporation to form surface Schottky gates. Peak in drag voltage occurs when the subband bottoms of the lowest energy subbands of the drive and the drag wires line up with each other and the Fermi level. We have observed drag on 1 ?m device at 22 mK temperature which is found to be reminiscent of the drag observed earlier on a 2 ?m device. An extensive reanalysis of the drag results obtained on the 2 ?m device indicates a power-law temperature dependence of drag for both identical and non-identical wires. Also drag is found to decay exponentially with the mismatch between the wires. These properties indicate the existence of Luttinger liquid (LL) state in the long wire device. We have observed positive and negative drags on short wire devices. The observed temperature dependence of drag resistance, for both positive and negative drags, shows first an increase, followed by a constant plateau and finally a decrease as the temperature is increased. This is in line with the predictions of the Fermi–Luttinger liquid (FLL) forward momentum transfer theory. This is the first experimental observation of 1D Coulomb drag due to forward momentum transfer between wires. A negative drag between same type of carriers (holes or electrons) may conceivably result from forward momentum transfer or forward scattering if the band curvature of the drag wire at or near the Fermi point is negative. Negative band curvature may result from asymmetry in the wire confining potential. Also we have observed a positive drag change its sign and become negative in the presence of a relatively small magnetic (?0.3 T) field. Although we do not exactly understand how but a magnetic field may cause a change in subband curvature at the Fermi point, resulting in negative drag.
School:University of Cincinnati
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:coulomb drag luttinger liquid fermi
Date of Publication:01/01/2007