Corrosion and protection of heterogeneous cast Al-Si (356) and Al-Si-Cu-Fe (380) alloys by chromate and cerium inhibitors
Abstract (Summary)In this study, the localized corrosion and conversion coating on cast alloys 356 (Al-7.0Si-0.3Mg) and 380 (Al-8.5Si-3.5Cu-1.6Fe) were characterized. The intermetallic phases presence in the permanent mold cast alloy 356 are primary-Si, AlBB5BBFeSi, AlBB8BBSiBB6BBMgBB3BBFe and MgBB2BBSi. The die cast alloy 380 is rich in Cu and Fe elements. These alloying elements result in formation of the intermetallic phases AlBB5BBFeSi, AlBB2BBCu and Al(FeCuCr) along with primary-Si. The Cu- and Fe-rich IMPs are cathodic with respect to the matrix phase and strongly govern the corrosion behavior of the two cast alloys in an aggressive environment due to formation of local electrochemical cell in their vicinity. Results have shown that corrosion behavior of permanent mould cast alloy 356 is significantly better than the die cast aluminum alloy 380, primarily due to high content of Cu- and Fe- rich phases such as AlBB2BBCu and AlBB5BBFeSi in the latter. The IMPs also alter the protection mechanism of the cast alloys in the presence of inhibitors in an environment. The presence of chromate in the solution results in reduced cathodic activity on all the phases. Chromate provides some anodic inhibition by increasing pitting potentials and altering corrosion potentials for the phases. Results have shown that performance of CCC was much better on 356 than on 380, primarily due to inhomogeneous and incomplete coating deposition on Cu- and Fe- phases present in alloy 380. XPS and Raman were used to characterize coating deposition on intermetallics. Results show evidence of cyanide complex formation on the intermetallic phases. The presence of this complex is speculated to locally suppress CCC formation. Formation and breakdown of cerium conversion coatings on 356 and 380 was also analyzed. Results showed that deposition of cerium hydroxide started with heavy precipitation on intermetallic particles with the coatings growing outwards onto the matrix. Electrochemical analysis of synthesized intermetallics compounds in the presence of soluble cerium cations showed that of anodic and cathodic activity was not as strongly inhibited as was observed for chromate ions. Overall cerium conversion coating showed good performance on Al-Si (356) ally, but poor performance on Fe- and Cu-rich alloy (380).
School:The Ohio State University
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:01/01/2006