by Hoose, Shane

Abstract (Summary)
Correspondances, a work for soprano voice, viola, percussion, and live electronics, explores the intricate timbral relationships that are possible between the human voice, acoustic instruments, processed sounds, and real­time electroacoustic processing. A poem of the same title by Charles Baudelaire comprises the text, which appears in the original French and in the English translation. Baudelaire’s poem emphasizes themes of adventure, imagination, and the richness of nature, which allowed for exploration of a variety of musical characters. The work lasts approximately twelve minutes and contains aleatoric sections, counterpoint, and live electronics. Formally, Correspondances is one continuous movement containing an introduction, through­composed sections determined by the poem’s stanzas, and a closing section. The introduction contains spoken text, aleatoric elements, and a large­ scale crescendo. The through­composed section features the stanzas of text and instrumental and electroacoustic interludes. The closing section recapitulates the opening by presenting similar aleatoric elements and a large­scale decrescendo ending with the vocalist whispering the final lines of text. Melodic and harmonic material is derived from synthetic scales. Melodic gestures and contrapuntal interplay emphasize specific melodic intervals including major sevenths, major sixths, tritones, and minor seconds. The soprano part features extended performance techniques including sotto voce techniques, whispers and speech. The percussion instrumentation includes vibraphone, bass drum, suspended cymbal, tam tam, log drum, and a mounted rainstick. Its timbral palette is enhanced through the use of soft mallets, brushes, and snare sticks. The percussionist controls the electroacoustic portion of the work with a foot pedal. Electroacoustic material is derived from various sources including percussion and environmental samples such as sounds of water, wind, and fire. Along with sound file playback, digital signal processing techniques such as delay, reverberation, and ring modulation modify the acoustic instruments in real time. All processing and sound file playback is accomplished using Cycling 74’s Max/MSP, a visually oriented, interactive, real time audio processing application. In live performance, Correspondances requires technical support in the form of four condenser microphones, an audio interface, one foot pedal, a Macintosh computer equipped with Cycling 74’s Max/MSP, and a stereo sound system.
Bibliographical Information:


School:Bowling Green State University

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:correspondances baudelaire live electronics electroacoustic music electroacoustics interactive acousmatic percussion viola soprano vocalist


Date of Publication:05/13/2009

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