Contaminants Orgànics Persistents en Peixos de Llacs Alpins i Àrtics
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are global environmental contaminants. Most of them were synthesised for pest control in agriculture and to benefit human development. However, later it was discovered that these compounds are toxic, resistant to degradation and bioaccumulative, and that they are atmospherically transported to remote zones of the planet due to their semivolatility. The mentioned physicochemical properties have allowed them to be trapped in high mountain lakes and consequently affect these remote ecosystems. The POP analyses of trout tissues and trophic chain organisms from European Alpine lakes and Arctic lakes of Greenland broaden the knowledge about the impact of POPs in these fragile ecosystems. Organochlorine compound concentrations, of for example PCBs and DDTs, are in the same order of magnitude as what is found in other freshwater organisms. Age of the fish and altitude of the lake are two independent factors that favour the increase of organochlorine accumulation in the organism. In the present thesis, the effect of biomagnification of the organochlorine compounds is also studied. On the other hand, the metabolisation of PAHs gives uniform PAH concentrations in all fish that does not correspond to the different geographical atmospheric inputs of these compounds. In addition, the detection of PBDEs, organobromine compounds more recently synthesised, is described for the first time in biological tissues of organisms living in high mountain lakes. The finding confirms the capacity of these bromine compounds to have an environmental behaviour and dynamics similar to PCBs. All these results have been published in scientific literature, are in press for publication or under journal review.
Advisor:Marcos Dauder, Ricard; Grimalt Obrador, Joan
School:Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:409 departament de genetica i microbiologia
Date of Publication:03/22/2004