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A Constraint Satisfaction Approach for Enclosing Solutions to Initial Value Problems for Parametric Ordinary Differential Equations

by Janssen, Micha

Abstract (Summary)
This work considers initial value problems (IVPs) for ordinary differential equations (ODEs) where some of the data is uncertain and given by intervals as is the case in many areas of science and engineering. Interval methods provide a way to approach these problems but they raise fundamental challenges in obtaining high accuracy and low computation costs. This work introduces a constraint satisfaction approach to these problems which enhances traditional interval methods with a pruning step based on a global relaxation of the ODE. The relaxation uses Hermite interpolation polynomials and enclosures of their error terms to approximate the ODE. Our work also shows how to find an evaluation time for the relaxation that minimizes its local error. Theoretical and experimental results show that the approach produces significant improvements in accuracy over the best interval methods for the same computation costs. The results also indicate that the new algorithm should be significantly faster when the ODE contains many operations.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Université catholique de Louvain

School Location:Belgium

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:differential equation constraint satisfaction validated method

ISBN:

Date of Publication:10/26/2001

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