Conhecimentos, atitudes e comportamentos a respeito de hepatite B pelos alunos dos cursos de odontologia, medicina e enfermagem da Universidade Federal da Bahia.
The Hepatitis B is a disease of great worldwide prevalence, its control requires preventive measures dependents of behavior, knowledge and attitudes assumed by the population and mainly for the health professional. This work had for goal to value knowledge, attitudes and behavior toward occupational risks for the health professionals, in the research stand by students of Dentisty, Medicine and Nursing for the contagion risky of this disease. Specificquestionnaire was applied to 209 students from the Federal University of Bahia in first and last periods in their respective courses. Results were divided and analysed on groups formed by Group 1- students from Dentisty among initial and last periods; Group 2- students from Medicine among initial and last periods; Group 3- students from Nursing among initial and last periods; Group 4 - answers of three courses in initial periods; Group 5 - answers of three courses in last periods. Then, notice that 22,4% of students from initial period and 12,3% estudents from the last period answered that somebody on their family or friends have already had Hepatitis; 87,5% of students from first period obtained knowledge about the Hepatitis in journals, magazines, friends, television or radio, and 13,3% learned about Hepatitis in college. 6,9% of Students from the last period said they had obtained knowledge about the Hepatitis in journals, magazines, friends, television or radio and 34.5% of these answers were obtained in University disciplines; in coincidence between the three courses for the discipline of collective Health. About the gravity and dissemination of the disease the students believe even when starting or finishing, that Hepatitis is a common disease and it is not fatal; about how to proceed in case of accidental exposition with a infected patient ; there were answers like cleaning the place, taking vaccines or nothing to do if you have already taken vaccine, common answers between students from the three courses; less than 14 of the students from all courses, as they start studying take vaccines against Hepatitis and they think that their knowledge about this disease is poor even when they are starting the course (67%) or when they are finishing (55,2%). It is evident that the colleges are not being effectives on the delivery of knowledge needed for the desired attitude changes of these new professionals of health stand to Hepatitis.
Advisor:Antonio Luiz Barbosa Pinheiro; Silvia Regina de Almeida Reis; Marleny Elizabeth Márquez de Martínez Gerbi
School:Universidade Federal da Bahia
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:12/13/2004