Comparison of Proportional Hazards and Accelerated Failure Time Models
We apply these methods to a randomized placebo-controlled trial to prevent Tuberculosis (TB) in Ugandan adults infected with Human Immunodificiency Virus (HIV). The objective of the analysis is to determine whether TB preventive therapies affect the rate of AIDS progression and survival in HIV-infected adults. Our conclusion is that TB preventive therapies appear to have no effect on AIDS progression, death and combined event of AIDS progression and death. The major goal of this paper is to support an argument for the consideration of the AFT model as an alternative to the PH model in the analysis of some survival data by means of this real dataset. We critique the PH model and assess the lack of fit. To overcome the violation of proportional hazards, we use the Cox model with time-dependent covariates, the piecewise exponential model and the accelerated failure time model. After comparison of all the models and the assessment of goodness-of-fit, we find that the log-logistic AFT model fits better for this data set. We have seen that the AFT model is a more valuable and realistic alternative to the PH model in some situations. It can provide the predicted hazard functions, predicted survival functions, median survival times and time ratios. The AFT model can easily interpret the results into the effect upon the expected median duration of illness for a patient in a clinical setting. We suggest that the PH model may not be appropriate in some situations and that the AFT model could provide a more appropriate description of the data.
Advisor:Lim, Hyun J.; Bickis, Mikelis G. ; Srinivasan, Raj ; Soteros, Chris ; Guo, Xulin
School:University of Saskatchewan
School Location:Canada - Saskatchewan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:hiv aids tuberculosis parametric models survival analysis cox model
Date of Publication:03/30/2009