A Comparative Simulation Study of Robust Estimators of Standard Errors A Comparative Simulation Study of Robust Estimators of Standard Errors
The results of the simulation show small sample and asymptotic properties of the five estimators. The REML procedure is modelled under the true covariance structure, and is the most consistent of the five estimators. The REML procedure shows a slight small-sample bias as the number of repeated measures increases. The REML procedure may not be the best estimator in a situation in which the covariance structure is in question. The Standard Robust Estimator is consistent, but it has an extreme downward bias for small sample sizes. The Standard Robust Estimator changes little when complexity is added to the covariance structure. The Long estimator is unstable estimator. As complexity is introduced into the covariance structure, the coverage probability with the Long estimator increases. The Long estimator with the quantile adjustment works as designed by mimicking the Long estimator at an inflated quantile level. The empirical option of the MIXED procedure in SAS works well for homogeneous covariance structures. The empirical option of the MIXED procedure in SAS reduces the downward bias of the Standard Robust Estimator when the covariance structure is homogeneous.
School:Brigham Young University
School Location:USA - Utah
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:standard errors robust estimators white estimator empirical option
Date of Publication:06/15/2007