Document Text (Pages 361-370) Back to Document

Community Capacity and Governance – New Approaches to Development and Evaluation

by Banyai, Cindy Lyn, PhD


Page 361

farmland to commercial land, changes of ownership of land)
recently?
Is there a lot of crime in ___? What kinds?
How safe do you feel generally in ___?
Have you noticed people moving in or out of ___? For what
reasons?
How comfortable do you feel with your neighbors? Other
people in ___? Are there any people with whom you have
difficulty or feel uncomfortable with?
In relation to other community members of __, do you feel
that you are better off, worse off, or the same?
How easy is it for you to get what you need in ___?

Are there any groups of people in __ that you feel have an
advantage over others?
What are the various kinds of ethnicities or religion that can
be found in ___? Are there any notable issues between these
groups?
In the past, has there been any difficulty between groups of
people in ___?
Have there been any grievances over land in __?

Can you name some families in __ that have power
(economic, political, land)?
Are there any other places in which __ has had issues with
in the past?
Are there any places in __ that have historical or cultural
value?
Are there any special events in ___?

Are there any ideas or concepts that people in ___ find to be
unanimously valuable?
What kinds of significant historical events have happened in
___?
Can you name some important local traditions and values?

Are there groups or activities that you are not allowed to
partake in? Why?

Are there certain people in __ that you need to know or get
along with in order to be successful?
Are there any groups in __ that are noticeably less well-off
than others?
Do you feel that people in __ have about the same amount
of income or are there some people that have noticeably
more? Who?
Do you feel that __ is becoming more or less prosperous?

tourist use

no
Very stable
People are moving in, business

Ok
yes

x

Must get food, clothes outside, cars

x

x

x

Yes, a lot – because of previous
leaders, robbed land
x

x

x

September – coastal clean up, Rizal
Day
don’t know

x

x

x

x

No – widespread poverty - farmers

x

more

361


Page 362

Does there seem to be a lot of poverty in __? 70%
Are there any industries in ___ that are struggling? Why? all
Of the organizations that you are familiar with, do they have some
good organization?
Do those organizations have a relatively stable some
membership?
What kinds of things has your organization achieved x
recently?
What kinds of issues does your organization deal with? x

Do you feel that the local administration is largely stable?
Do you feel that the local administration is largely
accountable? Organized?

No, finances are not yet stable
yes
yes

Do you feel that the government leaders in __ are capable or
able to help the people in __?
If a request is made to the local administration, what is the
likelihood that something will be done?

How often do you vote in local elections? National
elections?
Have you ever made a request or complaint to the local
government? What was the result?
Has the local administration asked your opinion about
community matters? Has there been any action taken on
that?
How involved in local politics are you?

Do you feel you have a good understanding of your legal
and political rights?
What kinds of institutions (schools, hospitals) are there in
__?
How easy is it for you to get something (license,
accreditation) from the local government?
How do you feel about the leaders of local organizations
and government in __? Are they ethical? Compassionate?
People to be emulated?

Moderate – depends on funds

x

everytime

x

x

I’m the mayor! So, very

moderate

x

Moderate, better in comparison to
before
Better, want them to do better
yes
yes
yes (barangay captains), because
other may be in politics

2.7. Edimar Ubasa

Basic Informant
Information

Table - Ubasa Information

Response

362


Page 363

Name Edimar Ubasa

Age 38

Occupation Construction Supervisor

Family 2 kids – 1 boy, 6 and 1 girl, 3

Years lived in
Community

Position in
Community

Organizations

Contact
Information
38

Now none, previously Municipal Councilor
and Market Inspector

President of the PVP, Alpha Phi Omega
International, Association of Ilocano Writers
in Ilocos Norte, Editor in Chief of Ariwanas –
Municipal Public paper

Tarrag - 0928-6547-095

2.7.1. Ubasa Attributes Responses

Community Capacity Attribute Questions
Can you identify a shared goal or vision of ____?

Table - Ubasa Attributes Responses

Would you say that you are in a similar situation as the
other members of ____?
What are some things that people in ___ have in common?

Would you say that it is easy to trust people in ___? Are
there any people or groups of people that you are cautious
of?
How often do you gather with other people from ___ (i.e.
celebrate special occasions, have food or drinks) either in
Response
Pagudpud is aiming for a community
with peace loving people with respect
because Pagudpud is a tourist
destination, the daily living condition
is improving because of respect
For PVP – sustainable and
progressive
Different

Peace-loving, hospitable, industrious,
law-abiding
Sometimes, but sometimes tricycle
drivers return belongings, no theft
no
occasionally

363


Page 364

your home, the home of others, or in public?

How would you identify yourself (ethnicity, religion,
locality, etc..)? Do you feel that many people in ___
identify themselves similarly?

Do people in ___ take responsibility for the things that
happen here?
Are people committed to ___?

Do people in ___ generally pursue interests in ___ or do
they feel they need to go outside of ___?

What kind of activities do you participate in?

What are things that you would like to see done in ____?

In regards to your ideas, are you or others taking steps
towards accomplishing those goals?

What other kinds of actions are being undertaken in ___?

Do you feel that progress is being made in regards to the
desires of the community?

In the last 2 years, have you noticed any changes in ___?
What were they?

If someone speaks of change in ___, how likely are things
to change?

Is ___a place where things get done?

What types of things can one find in ___?

Always there if someone needs me
Ilocano, Aglipian – offshoot of
Catholics
Sometimes
Responsible and cooperative

Yes – abide by what is around

Some go out, but generally interest is
more, especially because of booming
interest
help development progress
cleanup activities, especially on
shore, underwater diving
campaign against illegal activities,
especially the environment for
improvement of local ordinance,
assist people
Full development in tourism
facilities, will increase standard of
living
Yes – through PVP and campaign
convince investors

Barangay involved in barangay
development
Yes

Yes – before people didn’t mind
about business – increase in
entrepreneurship because see income
opportunity
If I speak, then yes
not sure
LGU? If whole plan is implemented
then will change
Yes

Complete tourist destination – falls,
mountains, rivers, sea – water for
living
Still developing because products –
shellcraft, coconut products,
furniture, commercial crops, fishing

364


Page 365

How do you get the things you need in ____?

What kinds of assets are there in ___?
Do you use resources from within ___ or do you rely on
resources outside of ___?

Buy some locally – agriculture
products
But some have to go outside –
appliances, clothes
X
X

2.7.2. Ubasa Agents Responses

Community
Agent

Individual

Organizations

Networks

Criteria

Table - Ubasa Agents Responses

Formal leaders in government, businesses,
organizations, or movements
Informal leaders (e.g. people of reverence,
clout, or high civic standing or activity)
Established groups (e.g. social organizations,
commercial associations, religious groups,
age-related groups, government sponsored
organizations)
Informal civil society organizations (e.g.
recreation leagues, neighborhood
constellations)
Businesses
Government agencies
Institutes
Educational institutes
Interpersonal networks (through families and
acquaintances)
Organizational networks
Political networks
Business network

Please name as many as possible

Mayor – local chief executive

Contribute for development of
community – PVP – because
work for free

Partner in advertising –
Association of Ilocano Writers

2.7.3. Ubasa Actions Responses

Table - Ubasa Action Responses

Community Action Questions
Does the local government respond to citizens appropriately?

If a project is announced in __, what is the likelihood that it will
be complete? Useful for the local people?

Response
Yes

Likely cause what is said usually
happens

365


Page 366

Government – all projects are
useful
Are the community members of ___ consulted by the local
government in order to make improvements to the community?
Yes, because partners
Through consultations LGU has

allotted people to come and bring
sentiments to office – 1 day a
week, sometimes go around and
ask
What kinds of local goods can be found in local markets? X
What kinds of locally made goods are sold elsewhere? Sarakaat mat, coconut products –
Loag, Manila
What kinds of services can be found in __? Janitors, hotels, farming,
housekeeping – for tourist
industry and hotels
What kinds of things must be purchased outside of ___? X
How do you stay in contact with your friends and family X
members?
How often do you use telephone? Email? -often
- never
How easy is it to access telephone? Email? -sometimes easy – peak season

Where do you get your information about __? About the rest of
the world?

What other forms of communication do you use in ___?
How confident of this information are you?

What local organizations are you familiar with?

- yes
By roaming around, files from
being official
News, print media, reliable
information from networks
Print and tv, internet

Don’t rely on one individual, ask
again and get inputs from other
individuals
X

What local organizations are you involved with? X

Are there any restrictions to the places or ways that people can
gather together in ___?
No, but national curfew for
minors – 10 pm

Are there any groups in __ that are concerned with particular
issues?
Women’s organization, PCO –
Periculture Center Organization –
for community development,
helping arm of government

366


Page 367

project, organized by government

Do they provide information to the public that is relevant to
their cause?
X

Is there an example of a local organization successfully
accomplishing a change within ___?

Does the local government work together with local
organizations?

Yes, SANJERA – helped with
improvement of campaign for
sustainable food security – rice
production
Yes

2.7.4. Ubasa Contextual Influences Responses

Table - Ubasa Contextual Influences Responses

Contextual Influence Questions
How easy is it for you to get around __? Out of ___?

What methods of public transportation are there in ___?
How often do you use public transportation?
How easy is it to access the places for production in __?

How easy is it for you to get your products to markets outside
of __?
Are there any physical aspects of __ that make transportation of
people or goods difficult?
How often are there natural disasters in __? What kinds?

Are the roads/railways in __ in good condition most of the
time?
Has there been any change in land use (i.e. conversion of
farmland to commercial land, changes of ownership of land)
recently?
Is there a lot of crime in ___? What kinds?
How safe do you feel generally in ___?

Response
Can go anywhere, any time
Sometimes drive [motorbike] or
take bus
Roads are still being developed
Bus
2 times a month
Can access for production, if have
own transportation can rent
transportation
But hard because vehicles to other
part of province
Not really, but when flooding can
be difficult, cut off for 1-2 days
Seasonal – typhoon, rain, mild
though
Yes

Not so complicated cases – land
use plan still young (10 years,
enacted in 2002)
X
Proud to say it’s safe to stay in
Pagudpud – safest place is

367


Page 368

Have you noticed people moving in or out of ___? For what
reasons?
How comfortable do you feel with your neighbors? Other
people in ___? Are there any people with whom you have
difficulty or feel uncomfortable with?
In relation to other community members of __, do you feel that
you are better off, worse off, or the same?

How easy is it for you to get what you need in ___?

Are there any groups of people in __ that you feel have an
advantage over others?
What are the various kinds of ethnicities or religion that can be
found in ___? Are there any notable issues between these
groups?
In the past, has there been any difficulty between groups of
people in ___?
Have there been any grievances over land in __?

Can you name some families in __ that have power (economic,
political, land)?
Are there any other places in which __ has had issues with in
the past?
Are there any places in __ that have historical or cultural value?

Are there any special events in ___?

Are there any ideas or concepts that people in ___ find to be
unanimously valuable?

What kinds of significant historical events have happened in
___?

Can you name some important local traditions and values?

hometown
Yes, tourists
No, not really, not much
-comfortable
Ok
No, bad people
We just do aim for good goal, not
for competition
A little but higher, a little better
X

No, don’t know

X

Yes, in past, early 80s, insurgency
– individuals who robbed people
Yes because there were land
grabbers and problem buyers –
billboard against outside
municipal hall, erroneous land
survey, big problem in Subec in
80s – lots with many owners –
also discourages investors
Sales, Garvida, Benemerito,
Calban
Subec – land

Pancian – ethnic group

Each barangay has its own
festival, Fiesta, Foundation Day
(July 5), Year End Program (Dec
30), Rizal Day Celebration,
October – Bat Festival
Battle cry of local chief executive
– “prosperity should be shared
with all”
Caguyan – WWII stingray
landing
Burayoc – defnece of WWII
Kissing hands of elderly – come
from church
Baynihan spirit – helping one
another for free – without

368


Page 369

Are there groups or activities that you are not allowed to
partake in? Why?

Are there certain people in __ that you need to know or get
along with in order to be successful?
Are there any groups in __ that are noticeably less well-off than
others?
Do you feel that people in __ have about the same amount of
income or are there some people that have noticeably more?
Who?
Do you feel that __ is becoming more or less prosperous?
Does there seem to be a lot of poverty in __?
Are there any industries in ___ that are struggling? Why?
Of the organizations that you are familiar with, do they have
good organization?
Do those organizations have a relatively stable membership?

What kinds of things has your organization achieved recently?

What kinds of issues does your organization deal with?

Do you feel that the local administration is largely stable?
Do you feel that the local administration is largely accountable?
Organized?

Do you feel that the government leaders in __ are capable or
able to help the people in __?

If a request is made to the local administration, what is the
likelihood that something will be done?

How often do you vote in local elections? National elections?

Have you ever made a request or complaint to the local
government? What was the result?
Has the local administration asked your opinion about
community matters? Has there been any action taken on that?
How involved in local politics are you?

Do you feel you have a good understanding of your legal and
political rights?
What kinds of institutions (schools, hospitals) are there in __?

How easy is it for you to get something (license, accreditation)
from the local government?

remuneration

No restrictions except if its illegal

X

Don’t know any

Some who have more –
depending on education or
qualification
more
A little
Farming and fishing
Yes

Yes

X

X

-yes
-yes
- yes

Someone, but mayor is capable,
but sometimes politics in the
Philippines makes them lazy
Yes

Every time

X

X

Very

Yes
Most understand
Religious

Not hard as long as regulations
are completed

369


Page 370

How do you feel about the leaders of local organizations and
government in __? Are they ethical? Compassionate? People
to be emulated?

Sometimes people vote for any
name, position – but not good for
the job
Yes, sometimes in past and
sometimes now
Yes
yes

3. Photo Project Participants

Table - Photo Project Participants

Name

Jenny Calina

Armaine Vidad

Louie Valenzuela

Roque Riveral

Christine Mal Tenorio

Marjorie Molines

Ronelie Anne Espejo

Kathrina Mae Esperjo

Mayrose P. Beneraba

Higie Mae Gabat

Shane Dela Cruz

Christian Y. Malabo

Plus 3 Un-named
participants

Source: Author

4. Photo Group Ilocano Narratives
4.1. The Long Road

Mahabang daan luntiang kapaligiran kalikasang kayganda na naglalarawan ng kagandahan
ng buhay sa barangay Pasaleng.

Tanawing nagpapahiwatig ng matuwid na pagitan. Pangarap at direksyon ng buhay na mga
tao maliwanag na ang kanilang bagtasan makikita ang katuparan ng mithiin malapit na umaga
mahahawakan na ang banga ng ginto sa dulo ng bulalakaw.

Sa magkabilang gilid ay kababaanagan ngg kalinisan at naggagandahang tanawin na siiyang
tunay na larwan ng pag-unlad at pagkakaisa sa lugar, ang luntiang kabundukan sa dulo ay

370

© 2009 OpenThesis.org. All Rights Reserved.