Document Text (Pages 351-360) Back to Document

Community Capacity and Governance – New Approaches to Development and Evaluation

by Banyai, Cindy Lyn, PhD


Page 351

Community

Organizations Cooperative for furniture making

Contact
Information
0918536730, Pancian

2.5.1. Ravelo Attributes Responses

Table - Ravelo Attributes Responses

Community Capacity Attribute Questions Response
Can you identify a shared goal or vision of ____? X

Would you say that you are in a similar situation as
the other members of ____?
What are some things that people in ___ have in
common?
Would you say that it is easy to trust people in ___?
Are there any people or groups of people that you
are cautious of?
How often do you gather with other people from ___
(i.e. celebrate special occasions, have food or drinks)
either in your home, the home of others, or in
public?
How would you identify yourself (ethnicity, religion,
locality, etc..)? Do you feel that many people in ___
identify themselves similarly?
Do people in ___ take responsibility for the things
that happen here?
Are people committed to ___?

Do people in ___ generally pursue interests in ___ or
do they feel they need to go outside of ___?
What kind of activities do you participate in?

What are things that you would like to see done in
____?
In regards to your ideas, are you or others taking
steps towards accomplishing those goals?

Yes

Unity, thrifty, cooperation

No
Yes and they are those against the
administration
When there are wedding parties,
baptisms, birthdays

X

Yes

Committed to community work

Stay put in barangay

Barangay fiestas

Good roads and electricity by the roads

Yes

What other kinds of actions are being undertaken in Conservation of the forest and preserving

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___?

Do you feel that progress is being made in regards to
the desires of the community?

In the last 2 years, have you noticed any changes in
___? What were they?

If someone speaks of change in ___, how likely are
things to change?

Is ___a place where things get done?

What types of things can one find in ___?

How do you get the things you need in ____?

What kinds of assets are there in ___?
Do you use resources from within ___ or do you rely
on resources outside of ___?

yes

Yes, homes have been built and
agriculture improved

X

Yes

Tourist spots, green forests, sea

Working hard like planting more trees

Green forests
Yes, I use the resources in the locality

2.5.2. Ravelo Agents Responses

Community
Agent

Individual

Organization
s

Networks

Criteria

Table - Ravelo Agents Responses

Formal leaders in government, businesses,
organizations, or movements
Informal leaders (e.g. people of reverence, clout, or
high civic standing or activity)
Established groups (e.g. social organizations,
commercial associations, religious groups, agerelated
groups, government sponsored
organizations)
Informal civil society organizations (e.g. recreation
leagues, neighborhood constellations)
Businesses
Government agencies
Institutes
Educational institutes
Interpersonal networks (through families and
acquaintances)
Organizational networks
Political networks
Business network

Please name as many as
possible

X

X

Balik bayan from Saudi

Mayor Sales through
furniture making

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2.5.3. Ravelo Actions Responses

Table - Ravelo Action Responses

Community Action Questions
Does the local government respond to citizens
appropriately?

Response
Yes, they help the citizens

If a project is announced in __, what is the likelihood that
it will be complete? Useful for the local people?
Are the community members of ___ consulted by the
local government in order to make improvements to the
community?
What kinds of local goods can be found in local markets?
What kinds of locally made goods are sold elsewhere?

What kinds of services can be found in __?

What kinds of things must be purchased outside of ___?
How do you stay in contact with your friends and family
members?
How often do you use telephone? Email?

How easy is it to access telephone? Email?
Where do you get your information about __? About the
rest of the world?

What other forms of communication do you use in ___?
How confident of this information are you?
What local organizations are you familiar with?

Yes

Yes

Vegetables
Furniture

Health services, school services

X
Gathering during birthdays, make of
friends and relatives, meetings
Not applicable

Not easy
From the local government, from the
tv and newspapers

Cellphone, letters
Confident
X

What local organizations are you involved with? Barangay

Are there any restrictions to the places or ways that
people can gather together in ___?
X

Are there any groups in __ that are concerned with
particular issues?
Furniture making

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Do they provide information to the public that is relevant
to their cause?
Yes

Is there an example of a local organization successfully
accomplishing a change within ___?
X

Does the local government work together with local
organizations?
Yes

2.5.4. Ravelo Contextual Influences Responses

Table - Ravelo Contextual Influences Responses

Contextual Influence Questions
How easy is it for you to get around __? Out of ___?
What methods of public transportation are there in ___?
How often do you use public transportation?
How easy is it to access the places for production in __?
How easy is it for you to get your products to markets
outside of __?
Are there any physical aspects of __ that make
transportation of people or goods difficult?
How often are there natural disasters in __? What kinds?
Are the roads/railways in __ in good condition most of
the time?
Has there been any change in land use (i.e. conversion of
farmland to commercial land, changes of ownership of
land) recently?
Is there a lot of crime in ___? What kinds?
How safe do you feel generally in ___?
Have you noticed people moving in or out of ___? For
what reasons?
How comfortable do you feel with your neighbors?
Other people in ___? Are there any people with whom
you have difficulty or feel uncomfortable with?
In relation to other community members of __, do you
feel that you are better off, worse off, or the same?
How easy is it for you to get what you need in ___?

Are there any groups of people in __ that you feel have an
advantage over others?

Response
X
Bus, motor
Very often
X
X

X

Typhoon, drought
Yes

X

None
Yes
Comfortable and easy to go with

Equal them

Farmers

X

Catholic, Jehovah’s Witness

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What are the various kinds of ethnicities or religion that
can be found in ___? Are there any notable issues
between these groups?
In the past, has there been any difficulty between groups
of people in ___?
Have there been any grievances over land in __?

Can you name some families in __ that have power
(economic, political, land)?
Are there any other places in which __ has had issues
with in the past?
Are there any places in __ that have historical or cultural
value?
Are there any special events in ___?

Are there any ideas or concepts that people in ___ find to
be unanimously valuable?
What kinds of significant historical events have happened
in ___?
Can you name some important local traditions and
values?
Are there groups or activities that you are not allowed to
partake in? Why?

Are there certain people in __ that you need to know or
get along with in order to be successful?
Are there any groups in __ that are noticeably less welloff
than others?
Do you feel that people in __ have about the same amount
of income or are there some people that have noticeably
more? Who?
Do you feel that __ is becoming more or less prosperous?
Does there seem to be a lot of poverty in __?
Are there any industries in ___ that are struggling? Why?
Of the organizations that you are familiar with, do they
have good organization?
Do those organizations have a relatively stable
membership?
What kinds of things has your organization achieved
recently?
What kinds of issues does your organization deal with?

Do you feel that the local administration is largely stable?
Do you feel that the local administration is largely
accountable? Organized?

X

Yes, because of politics

Yes, some got the lands of other
people
Mayor, Vice, SB, barangay officials

X

Cagayun – stingray

Yes, Pagudpud Day on July 5 every
year, Rizal Day
X

X

X

X

X

X

No, there are people that have more
because some members are OFW

More prosperous
X
X
Yes

Yes

X

X

Yes
Yes
yes

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Do you feel that the government leaders in __ are capable
or able to help the people in __?
If a request is made to the local administration, what is
the likelihood that something will be done?

How often do you vote in local elections? National
elections?
Have you ever made a request or complaint to the local
government? What was the result?
Has the local administration asked your opinion about
community matters? Has there been any action taken on
that?
How involved in local politics are you?

Do you feel you have a good understanding of your legal
and political rights?
What kinds of institutions (schools, hospitals) are there in
__?
How easy is it for you to get something (license,
accreditation) from the local government?
How do you feel about the leaders of local organizations
and government in __? Are they ethical?
Compassionate? People to be emulated?

Yes

X

Every 3 years
Every 4 years
X

X

X

Yes

1 public elementary, 1 public
hospital
Not that easy because of many
requirements
Compassionate
People worthy of

2.6. Marlon Sales

Table - Sales Information

Basic Informant Information Response
Name Marlon Ferdinand T. Sales

Age 42

Occupation

Family

Years lived in Community

Position in Community

Organizations

Mayor/Businessman

Kleng, children – Miko, Sean, Ylaine,
Joshua

Since 1995 – 13 years

Chief Administrative executive

PVP, Mayor’s League, PINS – Province
of Ilocos Norte Shooters

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Contact Information 0920-2874-997

2.6.1. Sales Attributes Responses

Table - Sales Attributes Responses

Community Capacity Attribute Questions Response
Can you identify a shared goal or vision of ____? Improved lifestyle, have education

Would you say that you are in a similar situation as the
other members of ____?
What are some things that people in ___ have in
common?
Would you say that it is easy to trust people in ___?
Are there any people or groups of people that you are
cautious of?
How often do you gather with other people from ___
(i.e. celebrate special occasions, have food or drinks)
either in your home, the home of others, or in public?
How would you identify yourself (ethnicity, religion,
locality, etc..)? Do you feel that many people in ___
identify themselves similarly?
Do people in ___ take responsibility for the things that
happen here?
Are people committed to ___?

Do people in ___ generally pursue interests in ___ or do
they feel they need to go outside of ___?

What kind of activities do you participate in?

What are things that you would like to see done in
____?

In regards to your ideas, are you or others taking steps
towards accomplishing those goals?

What other kinds of actions are being undertaken in
___?
Do you feel that progress is being made in regards to the
desires of the community?

x

Occupation – farming, fishing; culture
and values
Moderately easy, cautious of politicians

Most of the time

Pagudpudian, resident

some

Now people are more concerned – after
the introduction of tourism people are
more concerned because having
jobs/income will improve their life
Brain drain, people go out because there
are no jobs and they are mostly
professionals
x

Tourism development to generate
employment --> increase income and
education
yes

x

Yes – but can’t always assess the needs
of the community because some people

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In the last 2 years, have you noticed any changes in
___? What were they?

If someone speaks of change in ___, how likely are
things to change?

Is ___a place where things get done?

What types of things can one find in ___?

How do you get the things you need in ____?

What kinds of assets are there in ___?

Do you use resources from within ___ or do you rely on
resources outside of ___?

have a “wait and see” attitude and this is
part of the culture
People are more concerned now, but they
need more encouragement and to see
results in order to follow
Not many actions are being taken on
ideas – the government must initiate

Not much happening – must work hard
because there is not much financial
capital
x

x

Beautiful beach, scenery, mining, shell
craft, mat weaving, people are
hospitable/friendly
x

2.6.2. Sales Agents Responses

Community
Agent

Individual

Organizations

Networks

Criteria

Table - Sales Agents Responses

Formal leaders in government, businesses,
organizations, or movements
Informal leaders (e.g. people of reverence, clout, or
high civic standing or activity)
Established groups (e.g. social organizations,
commercial associations, religious groups, agerelated
groups, government sponsored
organizations)
Informal civil society organizations (e.g. recreation
leagues, neighborhood constellations)
Businesses
Government agencies
Institutes
Educational institutes
Interpersonal networks (through families and
acquaintances)
Organizational networks
Political networks

Please name as many as
possible – important ones

No formal leaders, informal
leaders – Edimar, Kleng, Joy
(Tourism officer)
farmer’s group

Political networks

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Business network

2.6.3. Sales Actions Responses

Table - Sales Actions Responses

Community Action Questions
Does the local government respond to citizens
appropriately?

If a project is announced in __, what is the likelihood that it
will be complete? Useful for the local people?

Are the community members of ___ consulted by the local
government in order to make improvements to the
community?
What kinds of local goods can be found in local markets?
What kinds of locally made goods are sold elsewhere?

What kinds of services can be found in __?

Response
Not always- can’t give everything,
have limited resources and can’t
address needs, must prioritize
Depends – sometimes because of
fund, projects must be done in phases
Yes, it is useful to the community
because it comes from the requests of
the community. Sometimes there are
problems with a project that aren’t
reported; therefore we are instituting
a community based monitoring
system.
Yes - CBMS

x
Agriculture products, shell craft,
weaving
x

What kinds of things must be purchased outside of ___?
How do you stay in contact with your friends and family
members?
How often do you use telephone? Email?

How easy is it to access telephone? Email?
Where do you get your information about __? About the
rest of the world?

What other forms of communication do you use in ___?
How confident of this information are you?
What local organizations are you familiar with?

x
x

x

x
x

x
x
x

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What local organizations are you involved with? x

Are there any restrictions to the places or ways that people
can gather together in ___?
x

Are there any groups in __ that are concerned with
particular issues?
x

Do they provide information to the public that is relevant to
their cause?
x

Is there an example of a local organization successfully
accomplishing a change within ___?

Does the local government work together with local
organizations?

Yes – Kabigan Multippurpose
Cooperative – operates in Kabigan
falls area – instead of giving financial
assistance they get financing from
their fees which they use for credit
for farmers, I.e. Fertilizer , then they
pay it back after the harvest
Yes, cooperatives, PVP and other
government organizations such as the
Barangay Health Workers, farmer’s
cooperative

2.6.4. Sales Contextual Influences Reponses

Table - Sales Contextual Influences Responses

Contextual Influence Questions Response
How easy is it for you to get around __? Out of ___? x
What methods of public transportation are there in ___? x
How often do you use public transportation? x
How easy is it to access the places for production in __? x
How easy is it for you to get your products to markets By land, hire transportation, ok, just
outside of __? fine

Are there any physical aspects of __ that make Everything by land
transportation of people or goods difficult?
How often are there natural disasters in __? What kinds? Typhoons – every year, earthquakes
Are the roads/railways in __ in good condition most of the yes
time?
Has there been any change in land use (i.e. conversion of Some change in coastal land for

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