Document Text (Pages 341-350) Back to Document

Community Capacity and Governance – New Approaches to Development and Evaluation

by Banyai, Cindy Lyn, PhD


Page 341

2.3.3. Lagundino Action Responses

Table - Lagundino Actions Responses

Community Action Questions
Does the local government respond to citizens
appropriately?

Response
Yes

If a project is announced in __, what is the likelihood that it
will be complete? Useful for the local people?
Are the community members of ___ consulted by the local
government in order to make improvements to the
community?
What kinds of local goods can be found in local markets?
What kinds of locally made goods are sold elsewhere?

What kinds of services can be found in __?

What kinds of things must be purchased outside of ___?
How do you stay in contact with your friends and family
members?
How often do you use telephone? Email?

How easy is it to access telephone? Email?
Where do you get your information about __? About the
rest of the world?

What other forms of communication do you use in ___?
How confident of this information are you?
What local organizations are you familiar with?

X

X

X
X

X

X
X

X

X
X

X
X
X

What local organizations are you involved with? X

Are there any restrictions to the places or ways that people
can gather together in ___?
X

Are there any groups in __ that are concerned with
particular issues?
X

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Do they provide information to the public that is relevant to
their cause?
X

Is there an example of a local organization successfully
accomplishing a change within ___?
X

Does the local government work together with local
organizations?
X

2.3.4. Lagundino Contextual Influences Responses

Table - Lagundino Contextual Influences Responses

Contextual Influence Questions
How easy is it for you to get around __? Out of ___?
What methods of public transportation are there in ___?
How often do you use public transportation?
How easy is it to access the places for production in __?
How easy is it for you to get your products to markets outside of __?
Are there any physical aspects of __ that make transportation of people or
goods difficult?
How often are there natural disasters in __? What kinds?
Are the roads/railways in __ in good condition most of the time?
Has there been any change in land use (i.e. conversion of farmland to
commercial land, changes of ownership of land) recently?
Is there a lot of crime in ___? What kinds?
How safe do you feel generally in ___?
Have you noticed people moving in or out of ___? For what reasons?
How comfortable do you feel with your neighbors? Other people in ___?
Are there any people with whom you have difficulty or feel uncomfortable
with?
In relation to other community members of __, do you feel that you are
better off, worse off, or the same?
How easy is it for you to get what you need in ___?

Are there any groups of people in __ that you feel have an advantage over
others?
What are the various kinds of ethnicities or religion that can be found in
___? Are there any notable issues between these groups?
In the past, has there been any difficulty between groups of people in ___?

Response
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X

X

X

X

X

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Have there been any grievances over land in __?

Can you name some families in __ that have power (economic, political,
land)?
Are there any other places in which __ has had issues with in the past?

Are there any places in __ that have historical or cultural value?

Are there any special events in ___?

Are there any ideas or concepts that people in ___ find to be unanimously
valuable?
What kinds of significant historical events have happened in ___?

Can you name some important local traditions and values?

Are there groups or activities that you are not allowed to partake in? Why?

Are there certain people in __ that you need to know or get along with in
order to be successful?
Are there any groups in __ that are noticeably less well-off than others?

Do you feel that people in __ have about the same amount of income or are
there some people that have noticeably more? Who?
Do you feel that __ is becoming more or less prosperous?
Does there seem to be a lot of poverty in __?
Are there any industries in ___ that are struggling? Why?
Of the organizations that you are familiar with, do they have good
organization?
Do those organizations have a relatively stable membership?

What kinds of things has your organization achieved recently?

What kinds of issues does your organization deal with?

Do you feel that the local administration is largely stable?
Do you feel that the local administration is largely accountable? Organized?
Do you feel that the government leaders in __ are capable or able to help the
people in __?
If a request is made to the local administration, what is the likelihood that
something will be done?

How often do you vote in local elections? National elections?

Have you ever made a request or complaint to the local government? What
was the result?
Has the local administration asked your opinion about community matters?
Has there been any action taken on that?
How involved in local politics are you?

Do you feel you have a good understanding of your legal and political
rights?

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X
X
X
X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

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What kinds of institutions (schools, hospitals) are there in __?

How easy is it for you to get something (license, accreditation) from the
local government?
How do you feel about the leaders of local organizations and government in
__? Are they ethical? Compassionate? People to be emulated?

X

X

X

2.4. Warly Manigdig

Basic Informant
Information
Name

Table - Manigdig Information

Response

Warly Manigdig

Age 36

Occupation

Family

Years lived in
Community

Position in
Community

Organizations

Fisherman

Wife – Editha
Children – Eddy (10), Princedrick (8 mos)

36

President of the Water System

Fisherman’s Association

Contact
Information
Balaoi

2.4.1. Manigdig Attributes Responses

Community Capacity Attribute Questions
Can you identify a shared goal or vision of
____?

Table - Manigdig Attributes Responses

Response
Peaceful, cooperative

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Would you say that you are in a similar
situation as the other members of ____?
What are some things that people in ___ have
in common?
Would you say that it is easy to trust people
in ___? Are there any people or groups of
people that you are cautious of?
How often do you gather with other people
from ___ (i.e. celebrate special occasions,
have food or drinks) either in your home, the
home of others, or in public?
How would you identify yourself (ethnicity,
religion, locality, etc..)? Do you feel that
many people in ___ identify themselves
similarly?
Do people in ___ take responsibility for the
things that happen here?
Are people committed to ___?

Do people in ___ generally pursue interests
in ___ or do they feel they need to go outside
of ___?
What kind of activities do you participate in?

What are things that you would like to see
done in ____?
In regards to your ideas, are you or others
taking steps towards accomplishing those
goals?

What other kinds of actions are being
undertaken in ___?
Do you feel that progress is being made in
regards to the desires of the community?

In the last 2 years, have you noticed any
changes in ___? What were they?

If someone speaks of change in ___, how
likely are things to change?

Is ___a place where things get done?

What types of things can one find in ___?

How do you get the things you need in ____?

What kinds of assets are there in ___?

No

Sharing, cooperation

Not exactly
Yes

yearly

It’s helpful to those who needs very help

yes

Yes, fallon

Yes, sure especially the youngsters prefer to go
abroad to seek jobs

Barangay activities

Nice woods, electricity

Yes

Barangay development

Yes

Yes, five houses were built in a semi-permanent
type

Buildings, roads

Yes

Shellcraft, mat weaving

Buy local goods

Produce their barangay products

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Do you use resources from within ___ or do
you rely on resources outside of ___?
Yes, like tv

2.4.2. Manigdig Agents Responses

Community
Agent

Individual

Organization
s

Networks

Criteria

Table - Manigdig Agents Responses

Formal leaders in government, businesses,
organizations, or movements
Informal leaders (e.g. people of reverence,
clout, or high civic standing or activity)
Established groups (e.g. social organizations,
commercial associations, religious groups,
age-related groups, government sponsored
organizations)
Informal civil society organizations (e.g.
recreation leagues, neighborhood
constellations)
Businesses
Government agencies
Institutes
Educational institutes
Interpersonal networks (through families and
acquaintances)
Organizational networks
Political networks
Business network

Please name as many as
possible

Mayor, local and barangay
officials

X

X

2.4.3. Manigdig Actions Responses

Table - Manigdig Actions Responses

Community Action Questions
Does the local government respond to citizens
appropriately?

Response
yes

If a project is announced in __, what is the
likelihood that it will be complete? Useful for
the local people?
Are the community members of ___ consulted
by the local government in order to make
improvements to the community?
What kinds of local goods can be found in local
markets?

X

Yes

Sarakt and budak woven for mats

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What kinds of locally made goods are sold
elsewhere?

What kinds of services can be found in __?

What kinds of things must be purchased outside
of ___?
How do you stay in contact with your friends
and family members?
How often do you use telephone? Email?

How easy is it to access telephone? Email?
Where do you get your information about __?
About the rest of the world?

What other forms of communication do you use
in ___?
How confident of this information are you?

What local organizations are you familiar with?

Mat, coconut, fish

Homestays, restaurants, hotels

Appliances

Get together

Never
Never
Not easy for those who can’t afford
Tv, meetings, from other people

Meetings, hearsay

Not confident unless it comes from the mayor
or other head of office
Barangay and fisherman’s association

What local organizations are you involved with? Barangay and fisherman’s association

Are there any restrictions to the places or ways
that people can gather together in ___?
Yes, minors should not drink liquor or gamble,
curfew for both young and old

Are there any groups in __ that are concerned
with particular issues?
Yes, agriculture

Do they provide information to the public that is
relevant to their cause?
Yes

Is there an example of a local organization
successfully accomplishing a change within
___?

Yes
Farmer’s association

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Does the local government work together with
local organizations?
Yes

2.4.4. Manigdig Contextual Influences Responses

Table - Manigdig Contextual Influences Responses

Contextual Influence Questions
How easy is it for you to get around __? Out of
___?
What methods of public transportation are there
in ___?
How often do you use public transportation?
How easy is it to access the places for
production in __?
How easy is it for you to get your products to
markets outside of __?
Are there any physical aspects of __ that make
transportation of people or goods difficult?
How often are there natural disasters in __?
What kinds?
Are the roads/railways in __ in good condition
most of the time?
Has there been any change in land use (i.e.
conversion of farmland to commercial land,
changes of ownership of land) recently?
Is there a lot of crime in ___? What kinds?
How safe do you feel generally in ___?

Have you noticed people moving in or out of
___? For what reasons?
How comfortable do you feel with your
neighbors? Other people in ___? Are there any
people with whom you have difficulty or feel
uncomfortable with?
In relation to other community members of __,
do you feel that you are better off, worse off, or
the same?
How easy is it for you to get what you need in
___?
Are there any groups of people in __ that you
feel have an advantage over others?
What are the various kinds of ethnicities or
religion that can be found in ___? Are there any
Response
Can go around without scare

Bus, tricycle, motors [motorbikes]

As the need arises
Easy if transportation is always available

Not bad

X

Seasonal – typhoon and high tide sometimes

yes

X

X
Safe, there are barangay [patrols] during the
night
Yes – visitors or tourists to see the beauty of
the place
Comfortable
Yes, those that are aggressive

Little better because I’m a high school
graduate and I read a lot

X

none

X

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notable issues between these groups?

In the past, has there been any difficulty
between groups of people in ___?
Have there been any grievances over land in __?

Can you name some families in __ that have
power (economic, political, land)?
Are there any other places in which __ has had
issues with in the past?
Are there any places in __ that have historical or
cultural value?
Are there any special events in ___?

Are there any ideas or concepts that people in
___ find to be unanimously valuable?
What kinds of significant historical events have
happened in ___?
Can you name some important local traditions
and values?
Are there groups or activities that you are not
allowed to partake in? Why?

Are there certain people in __ that you need to
know or get along with in order to be
successful?
Are there any groups in __ that are noticeably
less well-off than others?
Do you feel that people in __ have about the
same amount of income or are there some
people that have noticeably more? Who?
Do you feel that __ is becoming more or less
prosperous?
Does there seem to be a lot of poverty in __?
Are there any industries in ___ that are
struggling? Why?
Of the organizations that you are familiar with,
do they have good organization?
Do those organizations have a relatively stable
membership?
What kinds of things has your organization
achieved recently?
What kinds of issues does your organization
deal with?
Do you feel that the local administration is
largely stable?
Do you feel that the local administration is
largely accountable? Organized?

X

Yes, some land grab

Sales, Garvida, Benemerito

Balaoi – illegl fishing and illegal culling of
lumber
Cagayun – stringray

Fiesta

When the Sales took over in power

Stingray – when

Helping one another without pay
Saying “po” to elders
None

X

Yes

Yes
The professionals

more

few
Yes
They want to earn more
Yes

Yes

X

X

Yes
Yes
yes

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Do you feel that the government leaders in __
are capable or able to help the people in __?
If a request is made to the local administration,
what is the likelihood that something will be
done?

How often do you vote in local elections?
National elections?
Have you ever made a request or complaint to
the local government? What was the result?
Has the local administration asked your opinion
about community matters? Has there been any
action taken on that?
How involved in local politics are you?

Do you feel you have a good understanding of
your legal and political rights?
What kinds of institutions (schools, hospitals)
are there in __?
How easy is it for you to get something (license,
accreditation) from the local government?
How do you feel about the leaders of local
organizations and government in __? Are they
ethical? Compassionate? People to be
emulated?

Yes – the mayor

The LGU reacts and if they can help they react
or help those people

Every 3 years
Every 4 years
None

Yes

Yearly

Yes

School, hospitals

Easy if your papers are complete

Very good governance
Yes
Yes
yes

2.5. Demesthines Ravelo

Basic
Informant
Information
Name

Table - Ravelo Information

Response

Demesthines Ravelo

Age 44

Occupation Furniture making

Family Wife – Anita (38)
Children – Denorak (18), Abigail (17),
Demesthines Jr. (15)
Years lived in 35
Community

Position in Kagawad

350

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