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Community Capacity and Governance – New Approaches to Development and Evaluation

by Banyai, Cindy Lyn, PhD

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11. Appendix
1. FPQ Results

1.1. FPQ Attributes Responses

Sense of
Relevant Questions

What are some
things that people in
Pagudpud have in

Is there a shared
vision of the people
of Pagudpud? What
is it?

Table - FPQ Attribute Results


(total responses - 79 )
Identity: hospitable/friendliness/cooperation- (64 responses) Hospitable - 22,
fond of merry-making, friendly - 11, helpful - 5, can be trusted, easy to get
along with - 2, kind - 5, courteous – 2, cooperation – 6, unity – 3,
accommodating, lively, respectful – 3, love, people

Identity: work – (11 responses) standard jobs and family, having no job,
kinds of jobs - 2, hardworking - 7

Other – (4 responses) people are responsible, are to be from pagudpud, some
are bullies and some are good, “kinnamaylg”, nature lovers

(total responses - 50)
Progress/tourism/better way of life – (36 responses) promote tourism - 5,
become a city - 5, to see progress in 10 years - 14, to have buildings and
condos - 2, to be well known in the world - 2, “for every pagudpudian to
have a sustainable and stable living and a way to prosperity and progress”,
peaceful life, “to see Pagudpud more beautiful for tourists”, for pagudpud to
be a better place to stay - 4, to have a better way of living,

(3 responses) No because of political instability – 2, no

Commitment Do people in
Pagudpud generally
pursue interests in
Pagudpud or do they
feel they need to go
outside of

Are people
committed to

Do people in
Pagudpud take
responsibility for the
things that happen

Other – (11 responses) if the politicians are cooperative and not corrupt there
will be progress, yes - 7, “panqagdur-as”, to have better unity, to have
officers who are not corrupt
(total responses - 50 )

In PGD – (33responses) Some go out to look for job opportunities of
“greener pastures” – 32 (better job and higher pay), leave because of poor
situation of town

Leave PDG – (17 responses) some prefer to stay because of the love for
Pagudpud - 2, in Pagudpud – 11, stay to fight for survival, no place like
home, pagudpud is a paradise, older people prefer to stay

(total responses – 51)

Yes - 47

not at all, some are not – 2, maybe

(total responses – 57) Yes - 52, some not all - 2, some
slightly, not at all


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Ability to set
and achieve

Ability to
recognize and

If someone speaks
of change in
Pagudpud, how
likely are things to

Is Pagupud a place
where things get

What are the assets
of Pagudpud?

How easy is it for
you to get what you
need in Pagudpud?

(total responses - 49)

(28 responses) no answer – 21, don’t know - 7

local government – (6 responses) responsibility of the government - 2,
peaceful change during elections, if by officials and people, depends on
availability of funds, through LGU

not likely – (12 responses) Not quite fast, hard if people won’t cooperate,
hard to change - 7, not likely - 2, not easy – 1

likely – (responses 3 )ok if construction of road, step by step, ok

(total responses - 48)

Affirmative – (42 responses) Sometimes - 4, yes – 38

Negative – (6 responses) no – 4, pagudpud is a complete place, not yet

(difficulty in interpreting this question on the part of the interviewers and
(total responses - 81)

Natural resources – (47 responses) Scenic spots - 10, Saud beach, Kapigan
Falls - 2, abundant natural resources - 2, farms - 2, beaches – 12, sea, rice
fields - 2, mountains, white sand, shells, coconut products – 3, leaves of
labig, clean surroundings, green forests - 5, the falls, “good people, green
forests, well preserved environment

Human resources – (24 responses) cooperative people -2, industrious people
- 2, hospitality of people - 2, hardworking fishermen, ability of the people,
the lovely kind and energetic people, human resources - 2, respectful people,
hardworking and productive farmers, noble people - 2, the people
themselves, “good people, green forests,” good people – 3, culture, humility
of people, fishermen, carpenters

Tourist development – (6 responses) resorts - 4,tourist destination – 2 (also -
Scenic spots - 10, Saud beach, Kapigan Falls - 2, beaches – 12, white sand,
shells; total responses related to tourism - 33)

Products – (3 responses) products, ikamen, produced goods (also coconut
products – 3, leaves of labig; total 7)

Other – (1 response) peaceful
(total responses - 49 )

Able - (16 responses) Easy – 6, easy if cooperate - 2, very easy – 4, very
easy if you have patience, ok - 3

Difficult – (22 responses) not so easy – 5, hard – 7, hard if its financial, there
are times when I can’t get what I need, fast because of good transportation,
have to work hard for it – 7, sometimes

Other – (11 responses) nabayong, di masyado, don’t know – 10

Source: Author


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1.2. FPQ Agents Responses




Who gets things
done in

organizations are
important in

Who (person or
inside or outside
of Pagudpud) can
you go to to get
something you

Table - FPQ agents results


(67 responses) tourists - 3, , don’t know/no answer – 8,

Local officials – council, LGU officials - 13, police officers - 3, barangay
officials - 3, barangay chairman - 4, official leaders, Kagawad, mayor - 4,
barangay captain –Reynold Garvida/LolabLapa, politicians, (32)

Local people - The people through the guidance of the LGU, residents – 16,
MMSU students, farmers, everyone – 4 “we believe in unity”, (24)

(76 total) Localized national orgs - PCO – periculture organization - 3,
NGOs - 3, cooperatives - 3, , Z(S)ANJ(H)ERA - 7, LGU -2, , baranagay
health workers (BHW) - 12, PATODA - 4, all -4, senior citizens’ org - 3,
boy scouts, girl scouts , women’s league -3, farmers’ org - 4, civic orgs, SK-
7, bgy orgs, bgy police, assoc. of bgy councilors, FPTCA, Parent-Teacher
Association – 1, WOPIC - 2, OSCA – 2, sanunguin kabtaan (60)

Local orgs - shellcraft org, boatman org, tour guides’ org, youth basketball
org, Pgd volunteers for progress – 6, community orgs (11)

Other groups - Organization of the Sabbath – b/c they give medicines,
religious groups (2)

none, no answer – 3 (4)
(109 total responses)

Local officials - Sangunian Bayan - 7, Captain Lorenzo Domingo, LGU
officials - 10, police officers - 3, mayor - 18, Mayor Sales – 10, bgy captain
– 11, bgy officials - 4, bgy assistant, bgy chairman - 2, Mrs. Luz Allado,
DSWD - 6, BHW -2, vice mayor - 4, Malapit, Vice Mayor Matilde Sales, SB
– Pastor Aringay/Efren Cimatu Sr./Joseph Caliw-Caliw, Aurthur, Bgy. Cpt.
Cagawad - 4, SB – Flordelino Sauralio – 2, SK Chairman – Alice Flation

Other officials - governor - 2, congressman - 2, Inec Director, Michael Keon
(gov), Philippine National Police – 2 (8)

No one, agriculturalists, DTI, DOST, JESDA, JICA, health center, my mom

Source: Author

1.3. FPQ Actions Responses

Community Relevant Responses

Table - FPQ actions results


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planning and

Production of
goods and


and advocacy
What kinds of
things has the local
government done

What kinds of
things can you get
in Pagudpud?

Where do you get
most of your
information from?

Do you participate
in any
organizations? If
so, which ones?

(total responses - 69)

Local administrative functions (47) - farm to market roads - 4, plaza - 6,
roads - 4, give goods during typhoons, establish day care center,
financial/medical assistance, dikes, irrigation – 10, promote tourism - 2,
contests, sports competitions - 2, trainings/seminars, hanging bridge,
renovate municipal building, change heavy equipment, garbage compactor,
launch Kangayedan festival, preservation of natural resources, festival - 2,
cleaned, kubo-kubo – 2, high school facilities, picking up of garbage

None - 7, pasayak, no answer – 11, shellcrafts, building resorts – 2,
(total responses - 132 )

Local goods for local markets – (132)

Fish and marine products – (55 responses) Fish- 16, seaweed - 8, marine
products - 4, shells – 10, shell products – 11, fresh sea minerals, white sand –
4, coral reef

Agricultural products (68 responses)- coconuts (niyog) - 23, mats (ikamen)-
9, labig -2, rice - 5, , orchids - 2, bananas, , coconut (buko) juice, saba - 3,
nateng, food, halo-halo, fruits, ngirad, bonsai, sigay, bagas, bua (betelnut) -
4, gamet, bawang (small onions), sanja, , sarokat, , mango, vegetables - 2,
root crops, palay, leaves

souvenirs – 2, lumber, meats – 5, Furniture, valuable goods,

(total responses - 97 )

Interpersonal communication – (20 responses) police officers - 2, officials -
2, other residents of Pgd - 6, bgy officials, observation, bgy captain,
cellphones, “the old ones”, LGU, DTI, MMSU, organizations – 2,

Local media - municipal office,

National mass media – (62 responses) TV – 31, radio - 19, newspapers - 9,
books - 2, magazines - 1,

Other mass media - internet – 5, dream satellite

no answer – 8, “I saw. I read. I ask.” – Clifford L. Faylogna, 18, Balaoi,
(total responses - 56)

Local orgs – (8 responses) shellcraft makers’ org – 4, K therapist, Caparisian
Cooperative, Sitio orgs, math club in school

Advocacy orgs - (2 responses) Pagudpud Volunteers for Progress, campus

Religious orgs – (5 responses) Pentecostal org, church org, WOPIC (church
organization), Couples for Christ, religious orgs

Localized orgs – (27 responses) senior citizens’ org - 4, NGOs, Sanhera -
4, , women’s club - 2, BHW, Balikatan, civic org, cooperative, PATODA,


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PAYAW – org of fishers, barangay police, TANAP, BSPU, YCAP, SK – 2,
FPTCA, Parent-Teacher Association, SK, farmers’ organization

Yes- 10 (not used in total calculation)

no – 13, no answer – 1

Source: Author

1.4. FPQ Contextual Influences Responses

What are the best
things about


(total responses - 103 )

Table - FPQ contextual influences results

Space & security (positive) - (19 responses) clean surroundings – 5, peaceful, trouble-free, linak
kin talna (peace and order), warm hospitality, you feel at home, clean beaches -2 , green forests –
3, nature, oxygen, everything – exp the people and the place, green fields

Residential Stability - (12 responses) - “The beautiful spots that God has created in this place and
the hospitable Pagudpudians.” – Dianne Shayne Faylogna, 17, Balaoi, respectful people, good and
wise people, kind people, Friendly people, hospitable people – 2, warm beautiful people – easy to
get along with, caring people, the people, everything – exp the people and the place

Natural resources – (61 responses) tourist spots - 5, scenic spots - 6, Saud Beach, Kapigan Falls – 5,
beaches - 18, rice paddies - 2, coconut – 5, different kinds of fish, farms, mountains – 3, Blue
Lagoon - 2, white sand, sarakat – 2, betelnut, labig, shells, agtalon, water resources, aba, laya,

Other – (11 responses) products- 3, municipal hall, the new market, fiesta - 2, White Beach Resort,
resorts - 2, good associations and orgs


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What could be
better in

(total responses - 62)

Space & security (negative)- (16 responses) (environment responses – 12) Cleanliness in the
market/poblacion, more green surroundings – 2 (clean and green program - 3), plaza, playground,
cleanliness - 4, more order, more rules in nature preservation, improvements to the mini-park, be a
drug free place

Residential stability (negative)- (2 responses) cooperation, teamwork

Location – (3 responses) roads, more transportation to the interior, roads going to rice fields should
be cemented

Economics – (19 responses) better developed tourist spots - 4, more facilities for the beaches,
tourism – 4, dikes to protect the rice fields, more job opportunities - 3, to be a 2nd class municipality,
well developed beach resorts, foreign investment, establishment of bigger hotels, better house,
water system

Political stability - better if the officers have unity

Other – (21 responses) beaches, naruos, no answer – 13, no idea -1, nothing – 5,

2. IDI Results
2.1. Villamor Ramos Calventas

Source: Author

Basic Informant

Table - Calventas Information


Name Villamor Ramos Calventas

Age 55

Occupation High School Teacher/Principal

Family 3 kids ages 24, 21, 19, wife
deceased (died March 2008 of
breast cancer)

Years lived in
55 years – born in Pagudpud


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