Document Text (Pages 261-270) Back to Document

Community Capacity and Governance – New Approaches to Development and Evaluation

by Banyai, Cindy Lyn, PhD

Page 261

The Role of Waves in a Man’s Life

The photo shows a young boy

on a craggy shore pointing toward a raging sea. The brown, barefooted boy is standing on a gray, holed rock

formation in the left front of the image. Just behind the boy is a low, green plant group. The rest of the

ground is comprised of black, wet, bumpy rocks holding back the sea. The white capped waves of the pale
blue ocean are marching one by one vigorously toward the blunt shore. The pale blue-gray and cloud draped

sky melds with the vast sea. There is a point in the right rear of the image where the charging white waves
are crashing with great force into the black, rigid shore. The boy is clad in knee-length red shorts with white

trim and a green tee-shirt with red on the shoulders and collar and some sort of image on the front. The
boy’s face cannot be fully seen because he is facing toward the sea. Only his black mushroom cut black hair
revealing his right ear and the profile of his eyes and cheeks can be seen. He is pointing with his left hand, his
index finger extended.

Narrative - It was that great sunny day when I captured an eye-catching photo depicting a
seven-year-old boy pointing to the great, strong waves on the rocky shores. There the waves
splashed back and forth!

Somehow I had figured out what is on his mind.
Waves are ridges or swells moving along the surface of the sea and they are reflections of

Waves are simply playful. They move their bodies gracefully and dances to the tune of the
whisper of wind. As they dance to the tune they encounter struggles that lead to failure. These
struggles must not be considered as catastrophes but a great opportunity on them. Why? Of
course, the greater the problems, the more knocks of opportunities to change themselves. In
other word, they come as challenges.

Applying to a man’s life, a man spends his time having good times but to his unexpectations,
great challenges will face him which will bring his life more oppressed and

Waves are pleasers and good friends to be kept forever. They give man happiness. When
feeling blue, the man can run to the sea and there they could express their feelings and ideas.


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Waves can talk to man anytime. They are always available. Their noisy splashes are their
voices. The sea is understood to be feeling in a hot temper when big and strong waves come
along the seashore. It does have peace of mind when waves are calm.

Waves are sensitive. They have sensitive emotions like a man. Waves do cry when a man
treats them as dump sites. Is it just right to throw man’s wastes to them and leave them carrying
them through the years they live? Well, they are very humble. Though they are treated as that
kind of un-useless creature, they just live the way they want. They do not disturb a man and say
“Hey, it’s yours. Come and pick them up!”

Waves are good teachers. They teach only for the best. In times of calamities, a man is
taught to live in better next time. After the “Great Revengers” or tsunamis strike, they would
leave at he survivors a quotation, “Ah, this is the waves opportunity to make us improve
ourselves. We must live with the waves in an equal way though we are humans.”

Waves are deserving to be awarded as the “most helpful” parts of the sea. Without waves,
are there surfers? Come to think of it, surfing without waves? They promote tourism in the
community. Meaning, they play a very important role in making the community rich and

Waves are music. They create soft and loud voices from their splashes. They make the
world more tunic and rhythmic.

It is a fact that the boy behind that picture is a nephew of mine. In reality, the boy trusted the
sea as a friend of his. Most of the times of his daily life during his childhood, he spent watching
the waves talking to them both in times of sadness and loneliness. He was also used to be
scolded by his parents because he spends more time in the sea than in school. Poor boy, the sea
is his own school. But at least he met new friends, the waves.

Truly, the waves make the world. Men make the world…
What wave do you think of yourself?


A Time to Reap the Golden Grain

A field of rice is most prominent in this photo. The tall, yellow rice stalks are being
harvested alongside the still growing low green ones. Two workers in shorts and long sleeve
shirts, their backs to the photographer, gather the stalks and leave them in piles, evidence of
which is behind them, under a grey, cloudy sky. Only a small area of the field has been cleared
so far, with a vast field ahead of the workers stretching all the way to the green, hazy mountains
in the distance. Another pair of workers can be seen between the prominent two and the
mountain. The fields are rectangular shaped and surrounded by taller, green trees and bushes.
There is a dark grey material in the front right corner of the photo, an apparent mistake on the
part of the photographer.

Narrative -In this photo, despite of the grueling heat of the sun the farmers are cheerfully
cutting the golden rice stalks that promise abundance.


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More foods on the table more money in the

pocket are one of the aims of the farmers for it is one of the sources of living at Brangay Pasaleng. It
contributes a lot for the economic life of the people. Through it, the farmers can send their children to school

and be educated. They can also build good houses, acquire properties that help improve their life status.
Aside from this, they can also create jobs for the jobless, send their children abroad to look for greener
pasture which after all can contribute to the economic growth of our country.

Farming and harvesting are difficult and challenging but fun and enjoyable and gives life for all.

So, let’s love farming so that there is life forever.

Pancian Chapel*

The modest blue church was photographed as it was

being passed by vehicle on the road running in front of it. The main structure has a dark brown wooden
double door with windows on each side with white grating. Directly above the doors there is an awning that
reads “Gup. Mother of Perpetual Help” and just below that “Pancian Chapel” in a darker blue wiring. In
line with the door and the writing on the roof, there is a structure holding a bell with a cross atop it. Below

each window is a neatly pruned, double tiered rows of small green shrubs in a cement box painted white.
Next to them, on each side of the door, there are two skinny, immature palm trees in independent buckets.
To the left of the main building is an addition of gray brick without a roof that is unfinished with a worker

that can be seen inside with a white tee-shirt. Further to the left of that is another, smaller structure with a
corrugated iron roof. The chapel has a modest surrounding lawn dotted with green, rocks, and dirt with tall,

green trees beyond that to the left. On the right there is a parking lot and a white capped truck with dark
tinted windows can be seen parked close to the building, half hidden from view. In front of the truck there
seems to be a tall standing corrugated covered area. Behind the parking lot are a few tall palms and a few


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other trees. In the forefront of the photo, there is a chain link and cement pillar fence painted bright blue to
demark the perimeter of the church, with a swinging gate to the right. On the interior of the fence are some
small green and yellow decorative plants, while outside there are rocks, dirt, and a bit of grass leading to the
road. In between the fence and the building, just to the left of the door is a tall wooden cross.

Narrative - There is no accompanying narrative for this photo.

Rocky River*

This photo shows a small, white, frothy

river streaming through a rocky bed in the midst of a green jungle. The river starts in the back
right of the photo and juts from left to right to avoid large gray boulders, eventually exiting the
photo in the front left corner. Broad green leafed branches hang over the river and in the
forefront of the photo, the shadow of which the photographer is standing in. The sun is shining
through the branches to highlight the river in the middle and rear of the photo.

Narrative - There is no accompanying narrative for this photo.

Are you willing to help…?

This photo shows a sand and grass covered passage running alongside a green forested area.
In the far right of the photo, on the right side of the passage, there is a small grey cement house.
Just to the left of the house, standing in the middle of the passage is a shirtless man wearing blue
and black shorts looking toward the photographer. There is a black tube hanging about one
meter above the ground running from the passage into the forest toward a thatch structure that is
built high in the trees more than two meters above the ground. The thatch tree house is to the left
middle of the photo situated on the left side of the passage. There are three boys in the forest
near the tree house. One boy is in blue and black and seems to be looking back at the man near
the cement house. Another boy is in red shorts and a black shirt and is walking toward the boy
in blue. In between these two boys it seems as though there is another shirtless man who is
digging in the sand. Sitting under a tree very close to the tree house is another boy in white.
Behind the tree house farther to the left of the photo is another man in shorts and a white tank top
that is pulled up slightly to expose his bulging stomach walking down the slope toward the

Narrative -


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Figure - Are you willing to help?


Source: Marjorie Molines

Each place is faced with challenges peculiar to it time but there are problems that have
remained unsolved. Throughout the history of civilization and have still to see a solution. One
of these is the fate of Mother Nature. In this barrio folks I’ve witnessed their concern and
cooperation to serve their place to establish stable condition.
Although calamities and phenomenon would pass, they were not enable to let their place
shattered cause they believe that in unity there’s stability and progress.
The serious problems of our times is how to save the earth from the destruction of man
himself because they abused their own planet. Are [sic, our] forest are denuded, are [sic, our]
rivers and lake are drying, are [sic, our] atmosphere is clogged with fumes emitting from our
factories. Unless nations joined together to soured these environmental problems, the earth,
which is the planet able to sustain life, will be destroyed.
At this moment, I want everybody of you to know that Ive chosen this scenery to present
here today, was just to emphasize the importance of our ecosystem and how we Filipinos taking
good care of our natural resources given to us by our almighty God. I think I have captured the
best, since of all the message I wanted to express have been conveyed in this picture. Because I
can see from the peoples here in these photo the cooperation and concern for their country. Their
progressive, unattainable and dominant country…

The Boat and the Shore#*

The most prominent images in this photograph are the shoreline and a small fishing boat.
The long wooden boat is painted bright blue and is balanced by three bamboo rods perpendicular
to the frame of the boat that meet another balancing log on each side about 1.5 meters from the
hull. The boat is pulled far up the shore into the area where some low lying plants are growing
and stationed next to pile of brown sticks. The shore is comprised of grey and black sand that is
being met by the frothy white waves. The sea is light blue tinged with sandy green that stretches


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out to meet the grey cloudy sky and the dark green covered mountains to the right. The edge of a
small thatched roof can be seen just to the right of the boat.

Narrative - Life is not always of pain or

misery. Surely, there will always be a time for joy and laughter.

This is how I perceive this endeavor. The darkness of the sky seems to show that a strong rain is about to fall.
Yet after the rain, the sun will shine again and the water will soon calm itself. During which time the people
living by the seaside would be able to return to the sea and catch fish for their living. Fishing is the leading
source of livelihood in Pasaleng.

Principal Calventas’ Pond*

Here a small pond can be found taking up the bulk of

the photo surrounded by low green plants inside a greater forested area. Behind the pond to the left is a
green bush with yellow flowers and to the right of that about two meters away is a similar bush with orange
flowers. Inside the circular pond in the forefront of the photo, many green lily pads can be seen floating on
the water. In the middle of the lily pad collection several tall standing pink flowers rise above the green. The
water of the pond is dark but the back of the pond reflects the green bushes and low lying plants that
surround it.

Narrative - There is no accompanying narrative for this photo.

Flag of the Great Leaders


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The Filipino flag flies high in the center of this photo, which was taken on the grounds of
Pasaleng National High School. The flag pole is in the middle of a cement platform with three
stairs and a railing painted light blue surrounding it. To the right of the platform is a small
grassy area decorated with small plants and stones with a large palm tree to the back right. To
the left of the platform is a similar area only without grass and with less decorative items.
Behind the platform one of the school buildings can be seen, a white cement building with a
corrugated iron roof and a blue metal framed window that is open. The window has blue
checkered curtains on the inside. On the corner of the building, in between the split of the palm
tree originating in the decorative area to the right of the platform, a small satellite dish can be
seen with some brown substance on the inside of it. To the left of the flag platform the back of a
black motor scooter can be seen. The forefront of the photo is a flat cement area before the flag

Narrative -

Figure - Flag of the Great Leaders

Source: Higie Mae Gabat

This Philippine flag hoisted in a school ground speaks many unspoken words. School
children pay respect to it every morning. The day starts the national anthem. The foundation of
the flagpole is a rustic platform combined with a pedestal that conveys a message, “The quality
of Philippine education is declining”


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Our unwavering flag symbolizes freedom, dignity, and honor and the aspiration of our
country. Out countrymen must respect the flag that the sun symbolizes freedom, the three stars
symbolize peace and unity of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao; and the three colors; white
describing equality, blue is truthfulness and justice and red is bravery and patriotism. Each of us
has responsibility to pay respect to our country.

Caring and Helping One Another#

This photo shows fifteen men working to repair the Patapat Bridge that had been badly damaged in the
several landslides over the past few years. The men are all tanned Filipinos young and middle aged. One
man in the front left of the photo

wearing a green shirt and jeans with a New York Yankees ball cap on walks precariously over the wooden

support beams carrying a measuring tape. Behind him to the left another man in a blue and orange shirt
looks down and another younger man wearing a black long sleeved shirt and white ripped jeans is to his right
looking on. Behind them to the right a man in a red shirt and jeans surveys the other workers while standing

on the yellow crane. To the right front of the photo there is another man in a white long sleeved shirt and
jeans with a large straw hat on bending down toward a tool box with his back to the camera carrying a long,
thin wooden board. In front of him is another man in a long white sleeved shirt and jeans, only this man is
wearing a small white fishing hat. He is squatting down working on one of the wooden supports. Behind
these two men there are another three men on the flat wooden surface. The man on the left is wearing a blue
long sleeve shirt, black pants and an orange baseball hat and he is looking to the right. Next to him a man in

a white shirt and camouflage pants is bending down doing something. Further to his right a man in a red
shirt and jeans looks on. All of these men have their back to the photographer. In front of them a man in a
blue shirt and black shorts is walking over the metal supports to the right toward another group of men who

are sitting down. A man in red and a man in yellow are sitting side by side. In front of them, toward the
photographer, a man in a red shirt and jeans is bending down. And in front of him another man in a black
print tee shirt, jeans, backward baseball cap carrying a black satchel strapped across his chest is looking at
the photographer, but his image is cut off in the photo. The work on the bridge consists of many crisscrossing
metal rods with wooden support beams below and around them. The crane is situated behind the work area
on a cement remainder of the old bridge. Behind the crane the green plants of the adjacent mountain can be
seen as well as the white cement part of the bridge that was undamaged.

Narrative - Helping one another in the community is the key to everyone’s benefit.


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In this regard, we see the people working together to build Patapat Bridge are also working to
establish Pagudpud as a tourist destination. This is because the bridge would be able to make
this place more accessible for tourists and allow easier transport of goods in and out of the
province. This project would especially be beneficial for Pancian, Pasaleng and Balaoi.

In fact, the construction of the bridge has observably been quite fast. This community needs
to provide jobs so that the people can live peacefully and progressively.

Construction on Patapat Bridge*

This photo is the macro view of “Caring and

Helping One Another.” The men working on the bridge and the crane are to the left of the photo. The image
is centered on the dirt temporary road to the right of the cement bridge that was cut for use while the bridge
is under construction. To the right of the dirt road a rock cliff with some small green plants rises. There is
someone wearing a white shirt and khaki pants with a black bag slung across his chest. The lush green of the
mountain forest can be seen further in the distance, as well as another misty set of hills behind that leading up
to the grey cloudy sky.

Narrative - There is no accompanying narrative for this photo.

A Hard Way to Success

A grey gravel road leads in the lush green forest under a grey, cloudy sky. Behind the small
green plants lining the road to the right are yellow fields of ready-to-be-harvested rice, behind
which a brown house can be seen. Electricity poles line the left of the road. Three young boys
are in the middle of the road. They all have white shirts and black backpacks on their backs.
The smallest boy, who is in the middle, is wearing over sized sports shorts. One boy and the
small boy are to the left of the road and the other is a bit in front of them on the right side of the
road. All of the boys are looking toward the photographer.


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Figure - A Hard Way to Success

Narrative -

Source: Ronelie Anne Esperjo

This dirt road symbolizes one of the challenges to success.

Despite the unpaved barangay road, the school children cheerfully and innocently enjoying
the grandeurs of life in this hidden valley, engulfed with verdant hills and mountains.

The barangay road paves the way to progress and development for it is in here where the
people transport their goods to market. If this barangay road will be cemented, maybe the people
will be progressive.

The school children sans shoes. This innocent children having fun walking in this kind of
rough road just to reach the school for their mind and heart development.

This picturesque backdrop of lusty green symbolizes prosperity and bounty. Pasaleng
abounds with thick tropical forest.

Bagong Lipunan Lodge*


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