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CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION: THE CINCNNATI EXPERIENCE

by HURLEY, DAVID C.

Abstract (Summary)
This study examines the general and specific effect of the installation of closed-circuit television (CCTV) on crime and disorder at three sites in Cincinnati, OH. This research analyzes CCTV from the situational crime prevention perspective that the installation of CCTV might alter the behavior of potential offenders by blocking their opportunities to offend. The study also integrates CCTV with the routine activities approach by examining whether CCTV operates as a manager or a guardian. Additionally, the study expands the previous literature by analyzing the impact of CCTV on disorder. To capture the impact on disorder, this study uses police calls for service data to measure the impact of CCTV at monitored locations before and after the installation of the cameras. Bivariate regression models were calculated for specific and composite calls for service. The installation of CCTV resulted in a general reduction in all calls for service and in particular a decrease in disorder calls for service. Unlike British research, little support was found for reductions in specific types of crime. Some of the findings may be influenced by the differences in the set up and utilization of CCTV between the two countries. This research also indicates that CCTV could be better described as a manager than a guardian.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:University of Cincinnati

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:cctv evaluation situational crime prevention effectiveness of

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2003

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