Children's achievement goals, attitudes, and disruptive behaviors in an after-school physical activity program [electronic resource] /
Abstract (Summary)To promote active and healthy life styles in school-age children, many after school physical activity programs offer students opportunities to participate in a varietyof physical activities. The effects of such programs on students' levels of physical activity, however, depend largely on whether the students are motivated to participate and to demonstrate high levels of engagement behaviors in the programs. Therefore, it is critical for researchers and teachers to gain an understanding in this area. This study utilized a trichotomous achievement goal model to explore and describe what actually happened in terms of students' achievement goals, attitudes, and disruptive behaviors in an after-school physical activity program. More specifically, the purposes of the study were fivefold: (1) to examine the reliability and validity of the scores generated by the trichotomous model, (2) to identify achievement goals endorsed by students, (3) to determine students' attitudes toward the program, (4) to identify students' disruptive behaviors, and (5) to investigate the relationships among students' achievement goals, attitudes, attendance, and disruptive behaviors. Results of this study indicate the trichotomous model observed in academic settings also existed among at-risk elementary school students in an after-school physical activity program and the scores generated by this model were valid and reliable. Furthermore, students were found to score significantly higher on the mastery goal than they did on the performance-approach and performance- avoidance goals, demonstrate positive attitudes, and display disruptive behaviors identified with the literature. Finally, the mastery goal was found to be positively related to students' positive attitudes and negatively related to students' self-reported low engagement, whereas the performance-approach and performance-avoidance goals were found to be positively related to students' self-reported-disruptive behaviors. Overall, the findings of the present study provide empirical support for the utilization of the trichotomous model in the context of after-school physical activity programs. They also suggest the positive motivational effects of mastery goals observed in the classroom and physical education can be translated in the context of an after school physical activity program with at-risk elementary school students. Therefore, promoting mastery goals among students should become a high priority in after-school physical activity programs.
School Location:USA - Texas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:major kinesiology achievement goals
Date of Publication: