Characterization of bacteria degrading pentachlorophenol
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a chloride-containing aromatic compound which is mostly used for preserving wood and leather, but still one can easily detect this compound present in the waste water generated by various industries such as petrifaction, oil-refining, and etc. PCP, due to its chemical property of being stable and highly toxic, would cause severe and irreparable environmental pollution once exposed to open air. This study is intended to explore the feasibility of dealing the problem of PCP with biodegradation. The examination results showed that, except for absorption, the suspension of contaminated soil (aerobic incubation), nonetheless, could effectively degrade PCP during a period of 90 days without the aid of any extra carbon source. (0.62 mg/L/day). The degradation rate was further greatly improved by adding sodium acetate, molasses, and sludge cake (sodium acetate added: 4.15 mg/L/day; molasses added: 1.05 mg/L/day; sludge cake added:0.83 mg /L/day). None of four experimental groups of aerobic sludge, anaerobic sludge, contaminated soil (anaerobic incubation), and Fe3+reaction could degrade PCP after 135 days, 174 days, 250 days, and 124 days, respectively, regardless of whether any sources of carbon were added or not. A bacterium which used PCP as the sole carbon source was isolated from the contaminated soil. After 16s rDNA sequence analysis, it had 98% degree of similarity to Pseudomonas mendocina and was designated as Pseudomonas mendocina NSYSU. The PCP (40 mg/L) degradation rate of Pseudomonas mendocina NSYSU was 9.33 mg/L/day, and the degradation rate would slow down as PCP concentration increased. At a PCP concentration of 320 mg/L, PCP degradation was completely inhibited, although an active population of Pseudomonas mendocina NSYSU was still present in these cultures. The study also indicated that the addition of various carbon sources such as sodium acetate and glucose did not facilitate the degradation of PCP with the degradation rate of 8.11 mg/L/day for sodium acetate, and that of 7.55 mg/L/day for glucose. Analysis from examining several environmental factors showed that the optimal condition for PCP degradation is that of 30¢J, pH6, and in the presence of oxygen. The end products of PCP degradation were detected by GC-MS. After 6 days of incubation, PCP was gradually disappeared and the metabolic intermediate product, acetic acid was detected. The chloride ion concentration also increased by 21.8 mg/L, which is approximately equal to the original total chloride content in PCP (66% of chloride content). In conclusion, PCP could be effectively and completely degraded by Pseudomonas mendocina NSYSU.
Advisor:Ssu-Ching Chen; Chan-Shing Lin; Jong-Kang Liu; Chi-Ming Kao
School:National Sun Yat-Sen University
School Location:China - Taiwan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:pseudomonas mendocina microbial degradation pcp pentachlorophenol bioremediation
Date of Publication:07/21/2002