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Characteristics of Destruction of Airborne Chlorine- and Nitrogen-Containing Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) by Regenerative Thermal Oxidizers

by Hei, Cheng-Ming

Abstract (Summary)
In this study, two regenerative thermal oxidizers (RTO) were used to test the thermal destruction, thermal recovery efficiency and the gas pressure drop over the beds characteristics when burning, respectively, airborne chlorine- and nitrogen-containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs). First, an electrically-heated RTO containing two 0.5 m ¡Ñ 0.5 m ¡Ñ 2.0 m (L ¡Ñ W ¡Ñ H) beds, both packed with gravel particles with an average diameter of around 0.0116 m and a height of up to 1.48 m with a void fraction of 0.41 in the packed section was used to study the destruction characteristics of chlorine-containing VOCs (trichloroethane, TCE and dichloromethane, DCM). With a valve switch time (ts) of 1.5 min, preset maximum destruction temperatures (TS) of 500-800 oC and superficial gas velocity (Ug) of 0.17-0.33 m/s (evaluated at an influent air temperature of around 27 ¢J), tests on the thermal recovery efficiency (TRE) and the pressure drop for the air stream without VOC in the influent air stream have been performed. With a ts of 1.5 min, Ts of 500-800 oC and Ug of 0.17-0.24 m/s (evaluated at an influent air temperature of around 27 ¢J), tests on the degree thermal destruction of VOCs with influent air streams containing one of the two VOCs: trichloroethylene (TCE) and dichloromethane (DCM) have been done. Second, an electrically-heated RTO containing two 0.152 m ¡Ñ 0.14 m ¡Ñ 1.0 m (L ¡Ñ W ¡Ñ H) beds, both packed with gravel particles with an average diameter of around 0.0111 m and a height of up to 1.0 m with a void fraction of 0.42 in the packed section was used to study the destruction and NOx formation characteristics of DMF (N, N-dimethylformamide). With a ts of 1.5 min, Ts of 750-850 ¢Jand Ug of 0.39-0.78 m/s (evaluated at an influent air temperature of around 30 ¢J), TRE and the pressure drop for the air stream without VOC in the influent air stream have been tested. With a ts of 1.5 min, a Ug of 0.39 m/s (evaluated at an influent air temperature of around 30 ¢J), and Ts of 750-950 ¢J and, thermal destruction efficiencies and nitrogen oxides (NOx) formation characteristics in burning air streams containing either DMF or DMF mixed with methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) were performed. Results demonstrate that: (1) a RTO is suitable for destruction of low concentrations (<1,000 ppm as methane) of airborne highly chlorinated VOCs such as TCE and DCM and the destructed products contain no chlorine and only trace of COCl2 (< 1% of the influent VOC); (2) for TS = 800 oC and Ug = 0.17-0.24 m/s, complete oxidation products of TCE and DCM are HCl, CO2, and H2O, and the main intermediates are CO and COCl2; (3) with ts of 1.5 min, a Ug of 0.39 m/s (evaluated at an influent air temperature of around 30 oC) and TS of 750-950 ¢J, no NOx was present in the effluent gas from the RTO when it was loaded with DMF-free air; (4) when only DMF was present in the influent air, the average destruction efficiencies exceeded 96%, and increased with the influent DMF concentration from 300 to 750 mg/Nm3. The ¡§NOx-N formation/DMF-N destruction¡¨ mass ratios were in the range 0.76-1.05, and decreased as the influent DMF concentration increased within the experimental range; (5) when both DMF and MEK were present in the influent gas, the NOx formation ratio was almost the same and the DMF destruction efficiency increased with the influent MEK/DMF ratio from 150/300 to 4500/300 (mg/mg) and in the preset temperature range. The NOx formation ratios were in the range 0.75-0.96; (6) the TRE decreased as Ug increased but was invariant with Ts; and (7) the Ergun equation was found to suffice in the estimation of the pressure drop when the gas flowed over the packing beds.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:none; none; none; none; none; none; none

School:National Sun Yat-Sen University

School Location:China - Taiwan

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:dichloromethane regenerative thermal oxidizer volatile organic compounds trichloroethylene n dimethylformamide

ISBN:

Date of Publication:06/26/2007

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