Details

Capillary condensation and freezing of simple fluids confined in cylindrical nanopores

by 1973- Hung, Francisco Rodolfo

Abstract (Summary)
HUNG, FRANCISCO RODOLFO. Capillary Condensation and Freezing of Simple Fluids Confined in Cylindrical Nanopores. (Under the direction of Keith E. Gubbins). We present a molecular simulation study aimed at understanding the phase behavior of pure simple fluids, when they are confined inside nanopores of cylindrical geometry. In this situation, new surface-driven phases can appear, and phase transitions typical of bulk systems (gas-liquid, freezing) can be shifted to different conditions. A fundamental understanding of these phenomena is necessary for applications in separations, catalysis and nanotechnology. Studies of these phenomena can also provide important insights on the effect of surface forces, confinement and reduced dimensionality on the phase behavior of host molecules. We have performed two independent, but directly related studies: (1) freezing of carbon tetrachloride within multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) of different diameters, and (2) capillary condensation and freezing of krypton within templated mesoporous silica materials (MCM-41). MWCNT and MCM-41 are representative of materials with strongly and weakly attractive walls, respectively. In the first part of this project, the structure and thermodynamic stability of the confined phases, as well as the temperatures and the order of the phase transitions were determined using dielectric relaxation spectroscopy measurements and Monte Carlo simulations in the grand canonical ensemble. A rich phase behavior with multiple transition temperatures was observed for such systems. In the second part of this project we developed realistic, atomistic models of MCM-41 type materials that include pore surface roughness and morphological defects in agreement with experimental results. Grand Canonical Monte Carlo simulations show that these variables have a profound influence on gas-liquid and freezing transitions in confinement. A Desirée y Arianna, a mi familia, especialmente mis padres, a Dios y la Virgen Milagrosa. Gracias por bendecir mi existencia. To Desirée and Arianna, to my family, especially my parents, to God and Virgin Mary. Thanks for blessing my life. … and to Murphy. ii Biography Francisco R. Hung was born on November 5, 1973 in Caracas, Venezuela, to his parents Yun Wun Hung and Lai Ngor de Hung, both originally from China. He was raised in Caracas, along with his older brothers Daniel and Julio. Francisco attended Universidad Simón Bolívar in Caracas to study Chemical Engineering, earning a scholarship from Pequiven (the Venezuelan petrochemical industry) in 1991. Francisco graduated cum laude and first of his class in 1996. He then started his graduate studies in Chemical Engineering at Universidad Simón Bolívar, and at the same time, he was hired as a Lecturer by the Department of Thermodynamics and Transport Phenomena. He was in charge of teaching a number of undergraduate courses, such as Thermodynamics and Transport Phenomena laboratories, while taking graduate courses and doing his research project. Under the supervision of Professor Erich A. Müller, Francisco studied adsorption of water vapor and methane mixtures on activated carbons using molecular simulation techniques. He obtained his M.S. in Chemical Engineering (honor mention) from Universidad Simón Bolívar in 1999, and became an Assistant Professor. Francisco started his Ph.D. studies in the Department of Chemical Engineering at North Carolina State University in 2000. He joined Prof. Keith E. Gubbins’ research group, where he carried out the work presented here. After defending his dissertation, Francisco will join Prof. Juan J. de Pablo’s research group at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, to work as a postdoctoral research associate. Twelve days before coming to Raleigh, on July 29, 2000, Francisco married his sweetheart, Minerva Desirée Vignola, who was then a journalist working in a radio station in Caracas. They are the proud and happy (and sometimes exhausted) parents of Arianna, a fully-energetic and always-smiling little girl who was born in Cary, North Carolina, on May 1, 2003. iii
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:North Carolina State University

School Location:USA - North Carolina

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:north carolina state university

ISBN:

Date of Publication:

© 2009 OpenThesis.org. All Rights Reserved.